Disease is one of life's most certainties. Disease isn't far away when 7 billion individuals are crammed closely together on a planet that has been looted to near-destruction by consumerism, materialism, and flagrant disdain for environment.
However, since Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin and its antibiotic characteristics, most people in the modern world appear to feel they are disease-resistant. Or that if they do have a sickness, all it will take to get them back in shape is a few tablets before they can go wolfing down that carb-loaded burger for breakfast.
However, Alexander Fleming observed that bacteria acquire antibiotic resistance when too little penicillin is used. Prior to then, Almroth Wright had predicted the possibility of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is becoming one of the world's top healthcare issues. Many formerly treatable diseases are evolving novel strains that are resistant to even the most potent antibiotics. TB, typhoid, pneumonia, and gonorrhoea are just a few of the illnesses that have made a comeback as a result of drug-resistant strains.
What is the best strategy to stop antibiotic resistance?
One of the reasons these diseases are acquiring drug-resistant strains is plainly due to insufficient therapy — either not enough medications or using too few drugs in treatment can both cause this.
Antibiotics revolutionized healthcare by making previously incurable ailments treatable.Yet, antibiotic misuse has resulted in antibiotics being prevalent in both land and water. The presence of antibiotic residues in ground water, surface water, soil, and all types of wastewater is a major contributor to the formation of drug-resistant disease strains.
Antibiotic residues abound in sewage!
Antibiotic residues are to be expected in hospital effluent. Antibiotic residues are also abundant in agricultural effluent. These are derived from both antibiotics used in animal husbandry and antibiotics utilized in plant care.
This not only helps illnesses acquire resistance to medicines, but it also has an impact on natural ecosystems. Antibiotic residues are frequently bioactive, impacting microorganisms that they are not intended to treat, including beneficial bacteria in soil and water.Since these residues are prevalent in surface and ground water, they are eaten by humans, causing more sickness. Aside from the environmental damage caused by drug residues, rising antibiotic resistance in microbial lifeforms is becoming a global healthcare concern. Antibiotic resistance was blamed for 58,000 newborn deaths in India alone in 2015.
While there are worldwide evangelisation projects aimed at lowering reliance on antibiotics for treatment, they will not fix the problem on their own. To eliminate (or minimize) antibiotic residues, we must also bioremediate all effluent. While processes such as sorption, hydrolysis, photolysis, and oxidation can assist remove toxins from wastewater, microbial treatment is the most effective and environmentally benign method.
Microbial wastewater treatment solutions may be used to a wide range of sectors, as well as municipal waste and sewage.
Organic waste may be completely decomposed utilizing microbial solutions without adding additional pollutants into the wastewater in the form of chemicals. Microbial treatments, in addition to addressing contaminants, reduce sludge volume and unpleasant odours in wastewater while decreasing COD and BOD levels.
There are various particular issues in antibiotic production plants that are best addressed with microbial wastewater treatment methods. Among these difficulties are:
- Increased refractory organics load and hydraulic level;
- Low hydraulic retention time bio-reduction of refractory organics (HRT);
- Biomass survival at high osmotic pressure (TDS load)
Wastewater treatment is the appropriate one-stop solution for all of these concerns consisting of highly concentrated heterogeneous consortium of distinctively functioning bacteria with a high proliferative potential and the ability to survive hostile effluent conditions.
The biological treatment can generate biomass quickly and endure changes in effluent quality. It can also aid in the speedy creation of MLSS. It is more efficient to reduce COD. Even with a high TDS load, the desired MLSS is maintained. The biological system is also more stable.