What is flora and fauna?
The words “fauna” and “flora” have Latin roots. The word floral, which means "related to flowers," is also the ancestor of the word Flora. Therefore, flora is a group or groups of native plants, which are found in certain ecosystem.
“Fauna” is reference to “goddess of fertility” in the Roman mythology. Fauns as well as the woodland spirit is another name for the fauna. Thus, fauna is a collection of native animals from any location.
Let us discuss in detail about flora and fauna.
What is Flora?
The collective plant life that now exists or has existed in a specific location or historical period is referred to as "flora." Typically, it refers to the existing native plant species, although, it can also refer to newly imported species. The study of plant life around the world is particularly fascinating, because it results in various flora classifications.
Plants produce their own food from sunlight and supply the rest of the ecosystem with energy. Without the presence of flora, no animal would have been able to live and survive. In fact, this is so true that plants may survive in even the worst conditions.
In addition to common names, literature citations, descriptions, habitats, geographic distribution, images, flowering seasons, a flora usually often includes scientific names. Less frequently, floras provide information on specialist topics including plant chemistry, reproduction, chromosome counts, and population occurrences. The plants are sometimes arranged alphabetically, while other times they are shown in a hierarchy that shows which ones are related, or most similar to one another. Floras frequently also contain tools known as "keys" that allow the user to recognise an unidentified plant.
What is Fauna?
The collective or group of animal life that exists or was present in a certain region, or time period is known as fauna. Carl Linnaeus coined the term "fauna”.
Animal researchers are those who focus on a particular region's animal life. Based on their habitat, the fauna can be classified into distinct categories.
· The animal species known as cryo-fauna are those that inhabit extremely cold climates, primarily polar-regions.
· Animals found in protected regions are known as crypto fauna.
· Animal species known as in fauna typically inhabit the bottom of bodies of water.
· The animal species that live in the soil are known as macrofauna. These are also called as the "soil organisms."
· Megafauna are enormous animals that can be found in any place and at any given geological time.
· The species that can dwell in both freshwater and the ocean are known as meiofauna. Typically, they are larger than microfauna and smaller than macrofauna.
· Arthropods are a type of mesofauna.
· Pisces fauna includes all fish, whereas avifauna only includes birds.
There are many different categories used to categorise the earth's flora and wildlife. These divisions, however, are far more complex than those seen in flowers, since animal life has evolved into such a wide variety of diverse forms.
Now, with all the knowledge of flora and fauna, we must understand their relationship with each other and how they help in maintaining biodiversity. Individuals must take action to save their air, water, and land as well as all other living things.
We at Netsol Water, as environmentally conscious Indian citizens, promise to save our biodiversity, conserve water, and properly handle wastewater.
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