One of the most priceless resources on earth is water. However, water is frequently exposed to bacteria when it flows through streams, burrows through the earth to underground aquifers, or rests in lakes.
In fact, waterborne infections are to blame for a shocking number of fatalities, before to the development of domestic and municipal water purification systems. The lack of access to clean water causes terribleand unavoidable deaths, in poor nations. As a result, it is important to remove bacteria from water using disinfection systems.
In this blog, we will see how bacteria are removed using chlorine disinfection.
How to Remove bacteria from water using chlorine disinfection?
Water treatment facilities all over India utilize chlorine to disinfect water supplies, and get rid of waterborne diseases in drinking water. Chlorine is a widely used disinfection option because it is simple to apply in large quantities, can be precisely monitored, and behaves predictably.
How does chlorine work to remove bacteria?
Chlorine damages bacteria's chemical interactions at the molecular level when it comes into touch with them. Water reacts with chlorine to create a weak acid. By penetrating the negative charge of bacterial cell walls, this acid, also known as hypochlorous acid, kills the pathogen from the inside out. Water treated with chlorine does have a chemical aftertaste, but a carbon filter can quickly make the water taste better.
Chlorination will assist in eradicating any bacteria that may have grown in numbers, during the prolonged inactivity of water, if it has been stagnant or underused.
Use of chlorine to remove bacteria from wells
Additionally, chlorine can aid in the removal of bacterial iron from well supplies. To keep viruses and germs out of the water, it must be done routinely. Installing a UV system complements diligent well management practices like chlorination, because the UV will always keep the water free of bacteria.
Damages caused due to over-chlorination
Chlorine is strong, and excess chlorination can cause damage to other water filtration equipment. A more delicately chlorinated solution can be used to clean a well pressure tank, but those with rubber diaphragms may be harmed by the excessive chlorine concentration.
Similar damage can be done to a reverse osmosis system's thin film membrane, by prolonged exposure to chlorine. Make sure to skip the RO system after chlorinating, until the process is finished.
Chlorinating small batches of water
Smaller batches of water can also be disinfected with chlorine at once. For the purpose of purifying one litre of water at a time, chlorine tablets are sold. For instance, you can add these pills to spring water to make it safe to drink if you're out hunting, camping, or fishing and need fresh, drinkable water.
After a few hours of exposure, the chlorine will have cleared the water of all bacteria, viruses, and cysts like giardia. In the event of an emergency or a boil water notice, they can also be useful.
Choose the best water treatment plant manufacturers in India
Water treatment and water treatment technologies are critical in removing pollutants and bacteria, before supplying safe, drinkable water. Water supplies can become contaminated, necessitating proper treatment to prevent disease-causing microorganisms. As a result, it is necessary to disinfect water, including treatment with chlorine.