The global lack of safe drinking water has required study and development in sea and brackish water desalination using renewable energy sources. Because of its energy economy and versatility in comparison to other water desalination technologies, reverse osmosis membrane desalination has gained popularity in recent years. It is critical to monitor and maintain system conditions at proper set points when operating the reverse osmosis desalination unit in order to generate the required amount of clean, portable water while avoiding system damage. In the context of unpredictability in feed water salinity and input power, it is also desirable to discover operating strategies to lower the energy consumption of the reverse osmosis desalination plant. PV-powered reverse osmosis is one of the most promising kinds of renewable energy-powered desalination, particularly in isolated locations.
SOLAR RO SYSTEMS IN INDIA
In India, solar RO systems are a relatively recent concept. Solar energy is used to power the RO systems in these systems, which also provide clean drinking water. Solar RO Plants of this sort may purify water from any source, including rivers, ponds, and bore wells. In the beginning, SOLAR-RO is most cost-competitive for small-scale systems where other technologies are less cost-competitive. Salty water is forced to flow through a membrane in the RO filtration process, separating the saline solution from the solute. The main source of energy for the RO process is the energy required to pressurize the feed water. Although reverse osmosis is a scalable process, small-scale systems have lower energy efficiency.PV-RO systems can benefit from a variety of control algorithms to improve their efficiency and feasibility.
COMPONENTS OF SOLAR RO SYSTEM
The solar PV system's components: There are two types of RO power plants-
- 1. Components of a RO water treatment plant
- 2. Components of a Solar PV Power Supply
Modules for solar PVMounting Structure for Solar Inverter or VFD Charge Controller
- 1. DC and AC Cable for Batteries
- 2. Battery Rack
- 3. Junction Box
- 4. Accessories that are required
The SOLAR RO system is made up of two parts: a power generation unit and a desalination unit. Because the RO unit requires a stable power supply, the system's electricity will be supplied by the solar PV array, and batteries will be linked to provide that power. The PV-generated energy is stored in a battery bank. The loads are powered by the stored energy. On the brine side, the RO desalination process comprises of a high-pressure pump, membrane unit, and pressure control valve. The power production and desalination units of a SOLAR RO system are separate. Since the RO unit requires a stable power supply, the system's electricity will be supplied by the solar PV array, and batteries will be linked to provide that power. The PV energy is stored in the battery bank. The loads are powered with the stored energy. The high-pressure pump, membrane unit, and pressure control valve on the brine side of the RO desalination process.
NETSOL WATER is a manufacturing industry of water treatment plants which focus on fulfilling the needs or requirements of the customers. As per growing need of solar RO water system among the youth, NETSOL is stepping forward for providing customized Solar Ro System as per the requirements of customers.