Water pollution from wastewater released from a variety of industries, families, municipalities, and other sectors has increased, which has significantly impacted the amount and quality of drinkable water.
To increase the quality and quantity of potable water, efficient wastewater treatment before dispersing it into aquatic bodies has become essential.
Let's understand why wastewater is toxic.
Sources of wastewater
The homes, farms, hospitals, and businesses in small communities are among the sources of wastewater. The wastewater and storm water runoff from streets, lawns, farms, and other land areas, are collected by combined sewers in some municipalities.
Wastewater can therefore contain any street debris, used motor oil, pesticides, fertilizers, and animal and human waste. Toilet wastes, used water from sinks, bathtubs, showers, washing machines, and dishwashers, as well as anything else that can be poured down the drain or flushed down the toilet, all constitute ordinary home wastewater.
Why is wastewater toxic?
1: Numerous disease-causing organisms are present in the faeces and urine of both humans and animals.
2: Additionally, hazardous substances and heavy metals known to contribute to a number of environmental and health issues, may be present in wastewater.
3: Hospital patients, people who are ill or contagious, or anybody else can introduce disease-causing organisms (pathogens), from humans into the wastewater of a community.
4: Carriers cannot even be aware of having a disease or show any symptoms. Rats and other animals located in or near sewage or sewers as well as farms, meat packing and processing factories, and other locations frequently release animal wastes.
Whether it is treated or not, a significant amount of our wastewater eventually finds its way into our rivers, streams, lakes, and seas, occasionally through groundwater, the underground water source we use to draw well water.
Diseases spread from wastewater
Significant health problems can arise when untreated wastewater enters water, which is used as a community's source of drinking water. When water is highly contaminated with waste, the effectiveness of drinking water treatment can be lowered.
Communities require efficient water and wastewater treatment, in order to guarantee safe drinking water. Communities must also ensure that untreated wastewater is not unlawfully dumped on areas, where it could come into touch with people or attract animals or insects that carry disease.
Various methods exist for how diseases "catch" on to humans from sewage
Direct contact with sewage, eating food or drinking water that has been tainted with it, or coming into contact with human, animal, or insect carriers, are all ways that pathogens in wastewater might be spread.
Sewage and sewage sludge are breeding grounds for fungi that can infect the skin, eyes, and respiratory system. Unidentified disease-causing organisms thought to number in the hundreds, may be found in sewage and wastewater, according to scientists.
Why wastewater treatment is important for every community?
Every town needs to treat its wastewater because of the major health issues it can create. Even though it may seem clear, untreated wastewater continues to be the main contributor to a great deal of environmental harm, as well as human illness, suffering, and death on a global scale.
When so many towns are trying to cut costs and reorder their needs and funding for public projects, it can be helpful to revisit fundamental concepts like why wastewater treatment is necessary.
Understanding diseases from wastewater and need of their treatment techniques in India, a wide variety of wastewater treatment options which includes physical, chemical, and biological processes, are offered by Netsol Water.