Looking at the quality of water today, there are many instances of waterborne illnesses being discovered in drinking water. In this blog, we will discuss some of the common waterborne illnesses and their treatment.
What are the Common waterborne illnesses and their treatment?
The most prevalent health issues, along with their typical signs and symptoms and appropriate treatments, are listed below:
This microscopic creature can result in diarrhoea. It is transferred through the excrement and lives in the intestines of both humans and animals.
Giardia outbreaks can be caused by insufficient chlorination systems, and issues with filtration apparatus. The cysts are typically removed through surgical means after outbreaks have been identified.
The Norovirus is a highly infectious virus that can be transmitted from person to person, by touching contaminated surfaces, by contaminated food, and through water, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Chlorination isn't always effective at killing norovirus, thus other disinfection measures could be required.
The salmonella bacterium comes in countless varieties. These bacteria can cause fever, diarrhoea, vomiting, and dehydration and is frequently transmitted by food and drink.
Antibiotics are typically used to treat Salmonella in patients. Salmonella-contaminated public water frequently needs to be flushed and cleaned, a process that could take over a week.
Symptoms of the waterborne hepatitis-A virus includes fever, jaundice, abdominal pain, and black urine. Hepatitis A is often neither chronic nor irreversible, but the virus is nevertheless thought to be quite contagious.
Contamination of the water supply can also be caused by sewage system issues. Despite the virus's tiny size, filtering membranes frequently allow it to pass through. Chlorination, however, typically renders Hepatitis A fatal.
· E. COLI
A bacterium called E. coli can contaminate both food and water supplies. While, the majority of varieties are risk-free, a few strains can result in bloody diarrhoea, anaemia, and even renal failure.
Shigella is a type of bacteria that can enter the water through sewage systems that aren't operating correctly, and contaminated storm-water runoff.
Shigella can produce a particularly contagious form of diarrhoea, and outbreaks can happen in both recreational and drinking water. From the source to the point of consumption, this specific bacterium can contaminate water and is treatable with filtration and chlorination.
Legionnaires' disease, a kind of pneumonia, and lung infections can all be brought on by the bacterium, known as legionella. It is one of the most prevalent waterborne illnesses and the biggest risk linked with drinking water.
Legionella requires more thorough water treatment than the majority of other viruses and germs, and the virus is occasionally eradicated via hyper-chlorination. It is possible to utilize both pipe disinfection and biofilm removal.
Since numerous viruses and bacteria can enter your water system, water testing and treatment are priorities in many Indian cities.Do you require assistance creating a municipal water treatment system, to safeguard your neighbourhood?
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