What is the role of Water and Wastewater Treatment in Sustainability?
Water scarcity is one of the most serious concerns to humanity today, with on-going water shortages, occurring all across the planet. To address such issues, India has several water and wastewater treatment facilities. Recognizing the value of water, Governments have begun to create new technologies and programs, to achieve sustainability through water and wastewater treatment. Desalination, sewage treatment, RO plants, wastewater treatment, and water treatment are among the projects.
Role of water and wastewater treatment in sustainability
1. Waste Reduction
Water treatment minimizes the amount of waste emitted into the environment. When wastewater is treated, the amount of waste discharged into the environment is greatly reduced, resulting in an overall improvement in the state of the environment. Water treatment helps to lessen health risks, associated with dirty environments by reducing the environmental pollution.
There is a reduction in water waste caused by water contamination. Water treatment has a financial advantage in that, it reduces the amount of money that a government spends to restore a damaged environment.
2. Production of energy
Microorganisms (bacteria) are used in the sludge phase to decompose organic materials, and create a substantial amount of biomass. This technique involves mixing organic waste with bacteria, enclosing it in bio-digesters, and subjecting it to medium-range temperatures of around 35o C. During this procedure, biogas is created. Methane makes up a large portion of biogas, and is utilized to generate energy to power the water treatment facility.
The benefits of green energy cannot be stressed, because it reduces dependency on non-renewable energy sources, such as petroleum, coal, wood, and charcoal. This reduces a country's carbon footprint and its expenditure, on satisfying its energy demands.Biogas may also be used to fuel household cooking, generate electricity and heat energy for dwellings, and power cars.
3. Clean water source
The current water supplies will be insufficient to support the predicted population growth, in the future years.
Wastewater treatment will maintain a balance between water supply and demand. There will be enough water for everyone, thanks to the filtering of hazardous elements from wastewater, and the distribution of hygienic and safe water. Netsol Water Solutions provides the best water treatment system solutions. If water is recycled, the underlying worry of damaging water supply, drought, and water shortage, would be a thing of the past.
The biomass generated during the sludge phase is decanted and dried, converting it into organic fertilizer. Organic fertilizers do not induce eutrophication, since their leaching is insignificant due to their delayed biodegradation, and absorption into the soil.
5. Disease Prevention
Wastewater includes potentially hazardous microorganisms that can cause parasite illnesses, in water drinkers. The parasitic infection affects persons of all ages, including toddlers and adults. The infection might be moderate, severe, or even fatal. It may have an impact on your gastrointestinal tract, skin, organs, and blood.
Water treatment, therefore, plays an important role in eliminating impurities from water (about 97% of the time), which may be extremely dangerous if ingested. There are no hazardous germs that end up in the environment,which might otherwise harm animals, plants, and humans. Wastewater also includes toxic compounds that, if discharged into the environment, would kill plants and animals.
6. Recreational environment with clean surroundings
Wastewater treatment guarantees that people may enjoy water activities, without worrying about water contamination. Water from treatment facilities can also be sent to drought-stricken areas. Thus, water treatment is an environmentally beneficial technique that helps to reduce water waste, by reusing water that would otherwise be judged filthy and disposed of.
Manufacturers of water and wastewater treatment systems
Netsol Water offers the best water and wastewater treatments, including water softening process, RO Plants, sewage treatment plants, effluent treatment plants, etc. These treatments help in attaining sustainability, and making it a feasible long-term and short-term solution to the world's water issue.
We already know that as the population grows, so will the volume of wastewater, making water treatment an important part of environmental conservation and sustainability. The expansion of the wastewater treatment industry, will provide enormous amounts of fresh water, and contribute to the reduction of water shortages.