What are the negative effects of solid waste management?
Solid waste management or SWM is used to describe the procedure for gathering, and handling of solid waste. SWM also provides suggestions, for recycling objects that don't belong in the trash, or the rubbish. It has been a problem for as long as there have been settlements in residential areas.
There are negative effects of improper or poor solid waste management. As a result, it becomes important to manage solid waste effectively.
Effects or Impacts of Poor solid waste management
1. Littering in Environment
Wastes accumulate and become a threat as a result of inadequate waste disposal methods, particularly by municipal waste management teams. While, people clean their homes and workplaces, they leave their surroundings littered, which have an impact on the neighbourhood and the environment.
2. Effects on Human Health
The people living close to a contaminated environment or a landfill, may suffer health consequences, from improper solid waste disposal. Additionally, there is a higher risk to the health of those employed by these dump operations, including those responsible for waste disposal.
Exposure to badly managed wastes can result in rashes, respiratory disorders, blood infections, growth concerns, and even reproductive abnormalities.
3. Pests that spread disease
Biodegradable materials are forced to rot and disintegrate under unsanitary, uncontrolled conditions, when waste is dumped in the improper manner.
A terrible odour is formed after a few days of decomposition, and it turns into a haven for many pathogenic organisms and insects, which might spread disease. Additionally, it degrades the area's aesthetic value.
4. Environmental Issues
Toxic metals, hazardous wastes, and chemicals can be found in solid industrial waste. When solid wastes are released into the environment, they may result in biological and physicochemical issues, which could impact or change the productivity of the soils in that region.
Groundwater may get contaminated by toxic substances and chemicals, which seep into the soil. Hazardous wastes frequently mix with regular waste and other combustible wastes, during the collection of solid waste, making disposal even more difficult and dangerous.
5. Toxic gas emissions
Dioxins, furans, polychlorinated biphenyls, and other gases are produced when hazardous wastes, such as pesticides, batteries containing lead, mercury, or zinc, cleaning solvents, radioactive materials, e-waste, and plastics combined with paper and other non-toxic scraps, are burned.
These harmful gases have the capacity to cause a number of illnesses, including cancer.
6. Effects on animals present on land and in water
Animals suffer the impacts of pollution brought on by improperly disposed of waste, because of our carelessness with it.
Marine animals have been reported to pass away after eating cigarettes and Styrofoam. As the chemicals sink into the soil, animals are also at risk of poisoning when eating grasses, which are close to polluted areas or landfills.
Therefore, every family, including business owners worldwide, should adopt solid waste management.
How can we assist?
The system designers at Netsol Water will be able to assess, all needs for the client, and select the most efficient, practical, modern and sustainable solid waste management technique, for municipalities, residential areas, commercial areas, as well as industries. We can also ensure sustainable methods of solid waste collection and disposal, along with recycle and reuse.