What are the difficulties that India is facing in waste management?
Its development has been hampered by solid waste in a number of ways. Our regulations for waste management are founded on the concepts of "sustainable development," "precaution," and "polluter pays." These guidelines suggest businesses on how to conduct themselves in a responsible and ecologically sustainable way.
Solid Waste Management! A difficult challenge for India
The nation is dealing with a significant waste burden as a result of its rapid development. There are 72 million tonnes of municipal solid waste produced annually in the 7,935 localities where almost 377 million urban residents reside. Only 43 million tonnes of solid waste are collected from this waste. Around 11.9 million tonnes are treated and rest is disposed of in landfills. One of the fundamental services that municipal administrations in the nation provide to maintain cities clean is solid waste management. As a result, the dump yard is used by all municipal agencies to collect solid waste.
There are several factors that include obstacles and remedies that will aid in the transition to sustainable development.
Challenges in Solid waste management
The following are some challenges with waste management in India:
A: Waste collection and transportation
Street sweepers typically collect household waste and deposit it in communal waste bins after collecting it from homes. Other nearby commercial sectors makes use of these community waste cans. Municipalities in India do not usually collect waste. The most difficult is a door-to-door collection and it is difficult to keep a check for every house.
B: Waste segregation
The segregation of solid waste at the household level is neither organized nor planned. Waste is separated and sorted under extremely risky and unsafe circumstances. The fundamental issue in the nation is that most individuals are not aware that domestic or kitchen waste should be separated. Municipalities find it exceedingly challenging to separate waste at the location.
C: Lack of environmental responsibility
In India, people do not understand the need of keeping morals and hygiene. They frequently leave waste lying around in the open. In large cities, there are a lot of open drains that are blocked with debris, which contributes to the spread of diseases like malaria.
D: Budget and infrastructure are inadequate
Infrastructure needs to be provided due to population expansion. The landfill site is significant because most urban city sites are operating at or beyond capacity. Urban municipal governments lack the necessary infrastructure to offer a waste management service as a result of the financial crisis. There are numerous waste management companies that turn waste into liquid fuel and organic compost.
Solutions for proper solid waste management
India must overcome the following challenges in order to manage waste effectively:
A: Obtain opposition to the new landfill site
Because it is difficult to choose new landfill sites and because every site is operating at or beyond capacity, the Governments should develop resistance to new landfill sites.
B: Increasing segregation by raising awareness
To encourage citizens to separate their waste, the IEC (Information, Education, and Communication) technique should be implemented. This quickens the waste management process and increases the effectiveness of the workforce.
Other difficulties include creating an effective system for raising awareness, creating rules for the disposal of waste and many others. Most municipal authorities view waste as "wealth" when contacted by commercial partners like Netsol Water. With our waste converter processor, which has been created to minimize and recycle organic waste and convert it into organic compost, we are making an effort to improve the environment.
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