What are above ground Wastewater Treatment Plants?
Around the year 1850, modern wastewater treatment emerged.
In densely populated areas, outbreaks of deadly waterborne disease were common. When we realized that our wastewater was the source of the problem, we began to change our ways. So we began to bury our waste deep underground in chambers – out of sight, out of mind!
Following that, in the 1800s, the first septic tank was invented. The basic design included two concrete chambers into and out of which domestic wastewater would flow. Solid waste would settle to the bottom of the first chamber after entering through an inlet pipe. The remaining liquid waste would then enter the second chamber before exiting via an outlet pipe to the ground.
The basic septic tank design remained largely unchanged for the next century or so, but the process of treating wastewater improved as technology advanced. Wastewater treatment is essentially the process of improving the quality of wastewater so that it can be safely discharged back into the environment.
As the name implies, "above ground wastewater treatment" refers to sending wastewater to treatment plants on the ground level rather than underground chambers.
Types of System
An above ground wastewater treatment system does exactly what it says it does:
It treats wastewater above ground!
Let's look at two types of above-ground wastewater treatment plants.
1: Container Plants
Container plants are mobile wastewater treatment systems that are installed above ground. They literally "contain" all of the systems required to treat wastewater generated by domestic, commercial, or industrial sites. Container plants come in a variety of sizes, with various types of wastewater treatment technology included that are appropriate for the specific type of treatment level required. They frequently do not necessitate any major excavation work or existing infrastructure for installation.
2: Concrete Structures
A concrete system is another common above-ground wastewater treatment system. Above or below ground, a concrete system can be installed. A concrete system installed above ground can also be relocated if necessary. It carries out the same function as a container plant, without the container. The container is the concrete chamber itself, and there may be more than one to carry out the various treatment processes.
Why should you choose above-ground wastewater treatment?
The most obvious reason is simplicity of installation. Apart from connecting the system to the inlet and outlet pipes, it's completely plug and play. Furthermore, if moving or relocating a system is required, it is a simple process.
Second, above ground systems are a less expensive alternative to the costly excavation or civil works required to install below ground systems. For example, if a site is too wet or has shallow bed rock, installing an above ground system reduces installation costs significantly.
Finally, above-ground systems are, by definition, far more accessible than below-ground systems. If they need to be emptied, serviced, or upgraded, they can be done quickly and easily. If there is a problem, diagnosing and resolving it is essential.
Applications of above-ground systems
In short, because of their versatility and flexibility, above ground wastewater treatment systems are suitable for installation on any project type.
Concrete systems can accommodate 6 to 18 people for domestic wastewater treatment applications. Containerized treatment plants, on the other hand, can accommodate up to 20,000 people.
They are usually found in:
· Homes for the Elderly.
· Sites of Construction.
· Treatment of municipal wastewater (permanent and temporary).
· Camps for mobile workers.
· Temporary industrial sites.
· Offshore Infrastructure.
· Military encampments.
· Camps for refugees.
What can Netsol Water offer?
Netsol Water will be able to provide the most essential wastewater treatment system in order to deliver the most appropriate and cost-effective treatment.