Having access to clean water has a significant role in determining the general health of a population, anywhere in the world. Water must be devoid of hazardous microorganisms, poisonous chemicals, and other substances that could make the supply unfit, for human consumption in order to be considered "clean."
Trichloropropane, sometimes known as 1,2,3-TCP, is a serious water contaminant, which needs to be considered for removal from water sources.
What is Trichloropropane?
The chemical 1,2,3-trichloropropane is generated by chlorinating propylene, or adding chlorine to specific organic and inorganic compounds. It is colourless or straw-coloured and only weakly soluble in water. It is mainly present in industrial and hazardous waste sites.
What was the original purpose of TCP?
TCP chemical has a long history of usage as an industrial solvent, a cleaning/degreasing agent, and an intermediary in the synthesis of other chemicals. TCP is now illegal due to the serious health risks it poses to people.
Effects of TCP
According to EPA, 1,2,3-TCP is a substantial groundwater contaminant that is "likely to be carcinogenic" at a specific dosage. As a result, the chemical is identified as a dangerous contaminant.
When inhaled, touched, or consumed by people, trichloropropane can be dangerous. Chronic exposure to trichloropropane may result in certain types of cancer and kidney failure, whereas acute (immediate) exposure is known to irritate the mouth and eyes, impair muscular coordination, and impair memory.
How to remove Trichloropropanes from water?
Both for personal use and as a raw resource for numerous industries, groundwater is crucial. TCP is denser than water, thus it can be challenging to get it out of the liquid. The substance is extremely difficult to degrade, so it might linger in the water for a long time.
Fortunately, research has produced a number of techniques for TCP eradication, such as:
1: Techniques for TCP clean-up that use reductive de-chlorination include pump and treat, on-site chemical oxidation, etc.
2: TCP elimination using methods that use granular activated carbon (GAC) and adsorbents.
3: TCP is chemically oxidized using Fenton's reagent.
The use of Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) to remove 1,2,3 TCP from water is very intriguing. GAC is an adsorbent substance created from porous substances like wood, lignite, and coal. The material is perfect for removing organic contaminants like TCP from water, due to its huge surface area and high porosity.
Some of the TCP treatment techniques mentioned above could be expensive, because they need the purchase of expensive chemicals, machinery, and labour. Finding high-quality treatment and consulting for treatment plant design,and compliance with local water regulations can be difficult, for industrial and municipal customers.
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