Working at or living near a construction site is hazardous to health, as it can transmit various contaminants to the human body. These contaminants can cause permanent illness. When any construction occurs, a variety of contaminants are produced from the construction sites, which cause different types of pollutions – Air pollution is one of the biggest polluters within a construction site.
Air pollution within a construction site comes in many forms, here is an in-depth look:
- Construction dust
- Noxious vapour
- Construction and Demolition
The common health problems faced by employees are:
- Respiratory diseases – cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Lung cancer
- Exacerbation of asthma.
According to research, 56 percent of the occupational cancers in men are within the construction industry. Certainly, those working in the construction industry are hypothetically exposed to greater life risks.The impact of air pollution on the environment is well documented and known to most of us.
Construction sites are responsible for 14.5 percent of PM2.5 and 8 percent of PM10 emissions – and the majority of this comes from construction sites (includes machinery, generators, construction, and demolition activities). Both animals and plants struggle to thrive because of this contamination, causing a loss of biodiversity and interrupting the food chain.All in all, the construction industry has left irreversible impacts on the environment.
How to Reduce Air Pollution on Construction Sites?
Some of the ways we can protect the environment during construction:
1-REDUCING WASTE: The process of construction leads to the production of vast quantities of wastage. Sadly, there is no way to reduce that. But, increasing the efficiency of operation, choosing technologies that help in waste reduction, and optimizing supplies and materials of construction do help. Also, proper segregation and filtration of construction products needs to be done so that poisonous wastewater does not pollute water body or waste unnecessarily does not pile in landfills.
2-RECYCLE MORE: Exploring industrial recycling options needs to be aimed explicitly. Builders should strictly follow the EPA’s Industrial Recycling Program. This program focuses on recycling construction and the debris demolition and helps in saving resources to a great extent.
3-GREEN TOOLS & MATERIALS: Builders should use environmentally friendly tools, products, and materials which are designed to minimize waste and energy consumption on construction sites.
4-GREEN ENGINEERING & SOLUTIONS: Look for materials and products that are more environmentally friendly and designed for sustainability and a greener future – With Green solutions covering wall, roof and façade.
5-CONSERVE ECOLOGICAL RESOURCES: Any construction work should aim to protect the animals and marine life in a particular area. The end goal should be towards completing the project within the timeline, resulting from eco-friendly processes – ultimately take the path that has the least amount of environmental impact.
For any construction project, the goal should be to protect the work, the eventual goal should be towards saving the environment and protecting our prized nature and its eternal assets. The construction industry should recognize the responsibility it has to actively monitor and limit the amount of pollution it produces. One of the simplest measures is to be conscious of how much waste and pollutants your construction activities create and the consequences they have on our people and the environment.