What is the Ozone and Chlorine for Water Disinfection?
Chlorination and ozonation are two disinfection methods that can be used to treat drinking water.
These procedures are capable of removing pollutants from water by interacting with them and converting dissolved contaminants to undissolved contaminants.
Chlorination and ozonation are both the procedures which are served for same purpose, but the differenceis that chlorination uses chlorine to disinfect drinking water, whereas ozonation uses ozone to disinfect drinking water.
What is the process of chlorination?
Chlorination is the process of disinfecting water by adding chlorine or chlorine-containing chemicals. In tap water, this approach is effective in killing bacteria and other microbes. This is due to the fact that chlorine is extremely poisonous to them. Furthermore, chlorination is critical in the prevention of water-borne illnesses including cholera and typhoid.
Chlorine is an extremely powerful disinfectant. It can be mixed into public water sources to destroy disease-causing organisms that thrive in reservoirs. Electrolysis is used to produce chlorine from salt. At room temperature, it is normally a gas, but we can liquefy it. As a result, the disinfection procedure can employ the liquefied form.
It is an extremely powerful oxidant. As a result, it kills bacteria by oxidizing organic molecules in microbes. Chlorine and its hydrolysis product, Hypochlorous acid, are charged chemical species that may easily permeate infections' negatively charged surfaces. These chemicals have the ability to dissolve the lipid components of the cell wall and react with intracellular enzymes. It renders the pathogen inactive. The microbes eventually die or lose their capacity to reproduce.
What exactly is ozonation?
Ozonation is a disinfection procedure in which ozone is used to clean drinking water. Ozone may be used to purify drinking water, remove effluents from wastewater, and decompose organic and inorganic contaminants. Ozone, on the other hand, is a volatile gas. It rapidly decomposes into oxygen. As a result, there is no residual disinfection effect when ozonation is used. That is to say, no residual byproducts are produced.
An ozone generator and a reactor are both included in a standard ozonation system, and the ozone can be bubbled into the water to be treated. Ozone is a very strong oxidizer. It assaults bacteria directly on the surface and destroys their cell membranes. The germs lose their cytoplasm and become non-reactive at this point.
Chlorine Vs ozone_ Few points to consider
1) Ozone purifies water almost 3000 times quicker than chlorine.
2) Unlike chlorine, ozone does not leave any hazardous chlorinated by-products in the water, and if not utilized, ozone immediately reverts to pure oxygen.
3) Chemical water treatment has long-term chemical consequences, some of which are harmful to the environment.
4) Ozone is the most powerful and quickest disinfectant and oxidant presently available for water treatment.
5) For the killing of bacteria, viruses, yeast, molds, cysts, mildew, and most other organic and inorganic pollutants, ozone oxidation processes are thousands of times quicker than chlorine oxidation reactions.
6) Ozone can cure all water-borne infections in the right dosages, but chlorine can't (given practical, safe doses.)
7) Ozone is produced on-site and does not need to be stored.
8) Ozone cannot be overdosed because unused ozone exits the water and converts to oxygen.
9) The disinfectant properties of ozone are unaffected by pH, and ozone addition has no effect on water pH.
10) Oils and other pollutants in water are oxidized and destroyed by ozone.
11) Harsh chemicals like chlorine and their by-products can be considerably reduced by ozone.
Following the findings of multiple studies on the safety of chlorination, many towns are considering eliminating chlorine from their water treatment plants entirely. The presence of chloroforms and other halomethanes in post-chlorine treated natural water is the source of this problem. The bromomethanes CHClBr, CHClBr, and CHBr, as well as the aforementioned chloroform, are the most regularly detected pollutants of this class, all of which are considered carcinogens.
Ozone is becoming more economical to install and run thanks to advancements in the technology used to manufacture it. In most cases, an Ozone installation pays for itself in chlorine savings in less than a year.
To learn more about the idea of chlorine and ozone in water treatment systems for safeguarding your family, contact Netsol Water at +919650608473 or contact via email at firstname.lastname@example.org