What are the O and M program by Government of India for RO plant?
The Operations & Maintenance procedures are written protocols in a document that describe how a public water system should be run on a daily basis to guarantee public health, safety, and compliance with relevant rules.
One of a water surveyor's most important publications is the O&M handbook. The O&M handbook ensures that the utility is operated in a consistent, safe, and efficient manner that complies with all laws, rules, regulations, and circumstances necessary to safeguard public health, in addition to being a vital guide for any new personnel.
Survival necessitates the use of water!
Fresh water is limited in the world, and its quality is constantly threatened as a result of increasing industrialization. The quality of raw water must be maintained not just for drinking, but also for food production and other water uses. The water's condition, infectious agents, toxic chemicals, and radiation threats can all have a negative impact on your health.
Poor planning and design are the primary causes of water quality degradation in distribution systems!
Inadequate operation, maintenance, and water quality monitoring, as well as inadequate construction, all lead to water contamination. A significant portion of the burden is caused by waterborne and water-related illnesses. Concentrates on Rapid urbanization, population growth, and deteriorating infrastructure have aggravated the issue.
One of the most critical obstacles to contaminating drinking water is the integrity of well-managed distribution networks!
Distribution systems are sometimes misunderstood as passive systems with only one requirement: to carry drinking water from treatment plant outputs to customers. As a result, it is the Civil Engineering Department's primary obligation to provide an adequate and safe supply of water of acceptable quality.
Selection of a water purification system: RO Plants
Organizations such as the BIS, ISO, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Govt. of India, and others have established criteria for the quality of drinking water but no such standards have been established for the selection of an appropriate/adequate water purification system.
IRWM Annexure 5.2 Paragraph 531 (physical and chemical standards) and Indian Standard - Drinking Water - Specification (First Revision) IS: 10500 - 2012 are the standards for drinking water quality.
As per CPWD, maintenance of Reverse Osmosis (RO) Plants is as follows:
In addition to periodic cleaning of the RO membrane, the following items must be included in the maintenance and service of the Reverse Osmosis (RO) Plant:
1. The Micron Filter should be updated at least once a year;
2. Sand filter cleaning;
3. Activated Carbon Filter Cleaning;
4. Dosing chemical for anti-scaling (As per requirement);
5. Pump for raw water (checking/servicing if necessary);
6. R.O. Membrane (inspecting/replacing if necessary);
7. High-pressure pump (if necessary, check/service);
8. On-site monitoring of membrane flow rate and TDS.
The importance of maintenance of RO plants has risen.
Every year, more Government assets are added. However, due to the Government's emphasis on reducing non-plan expenditure, the maintenance budget allocation has not increased significantly. On the contrary, customers' expectations are rising for greater upkeep and the availability of improved facilities and comforts in the buildings and services they use.