Traditional medicine, particularly in primary health care, continues to play an important role in health care. Traditional medicines are believed to be utilised by 60% of the world's population and are widely incorporated into the public health system in various nations. The utilisation of medicinal plants is the most prevalent pharmaceutical tool in both traditional and alternative medicine around the world. Medicinal plants are obtained by gathering them from wild populations and cultivating them. In addition to food, many cultures rely on natural items acquired from ecosystems for medicinal and cultural purposes.
What is Importance of biodiversity for traditional medicine research?
Traditional medicine (TM) is a broad word that encompasses both systems and indigenous medicine, such as traditional Indian ayurveda, Chinese medicine, and Arabic unani medicine.
TM is sometimes referred to as "complementary," "alternative," or "non-conventional" medicine in countries where allopathic medicine is the main health-care system or where TM has not really been incorporated into the national health-care system. A lengthy legacy of healing powers associated with the earth's natural systems, whether medicinal plants and animal species, ambient salubrious air, spring water, or scenic scenery, exemplifies the linkages between TM and biodiversity.
What are the health benefits?
The health benefits derived from the existence of a full complement of species, intact watersheds, climate regulation, and genetic diversity, as well as our basic needs for clean air, shelter, food, water, and relative climatic constancy, demonstrate the interconnections between TM and the biotic environments.
Traditional medical knowledge is fast vanishing as a result of cultural change and decreased access to natural medicinal product sources in both urban and rural locations.Most settlements across the world are no longer surrounded by the natural habitat that used to function as a medicine cabinet, and bodies of folk knowledge that have gathered and been perfected over thousands of years are rapidly vanishing. In some situations, the loss of efficient medicinal treatments may result in net health advantages; nevertheless, modern civilization will never know what medicines are being lost.
What is the use of animals and plants in traditional medicines?
The availability and accessibility of specific types of plant and animal species utilised for therapeutic reasons has been severely hampered by the transformation of local ecosystems wrought by human economic activity. Certain plant species are becoming extinct when forests are converted to savanna, savanna to scrublands and shrubs, and scrublands to desert characteristics in many parts of the Third World.With a few exceptions, all medications are derived from mixtures prepared with plants, plant parts, or their secreted products, which provides a difficulty for the future practise of indigenous medicine.
Considering the significance of TM for public health in many regions of the world, such as the current extinction crisis of plant and animal species, ethnomedicine practitioners (particularly herbalists and cult healers) appear to be at more risk of extinction than forests and other biomes, as noted by. Plant knowledge is vanishing at a quicker rate than the plants themselves. In many parts of the tropical region, the loss of tropical forests has resulted in the departure of native peoples who have lived in these areas for generations and have gathered a wealth of folk knowledge about the medicinal properties of plants.
Despite the availability of synthetic medications for a variety of uses, there is still a global demand for natural goods for therapeutic purposes and biomedical research that relies on plants, mammals, and microbes to study human physiology and treat human ailments. As a result.
Netsol Water is continually raising awareness about the importance of conserving biodiversity, as we believe that "Save Biodiversity, Save Life."