Non-biodegradable wastes are those that cannot breakdown naturally, through the biological action of microorganisms. Glass, polymers, metals, hazardous inorganic compounds, and so on, are examples. When these wastes are not digested, they accumulate in the ecosystem and are detrimental to the environment.
In this blog, we will discuss about how non-biodegradable waste is managed.
Non-biodegradable waste sources
Non-biodegradable waste is produced by a wide range of activities, including domestic, industrial, residential, municipal, hospital, agricultural, construction, and packaging.
- This category comprises metal and steel wastes such as cutlery, electronic waste, unused, irreparable equipment or components thereof, plastic waste, synthetic polymers, glass (which also includes shattered bulbs), and so on.
- This also includes hazardous waste such as batteries.
- Agricultural non-biodegradable waste consists primarily of packaging material, machinery, and so on.
- Mineral ore waste, fly ash, cement, plastics, and other non-biodegradable industrial and construction waste, is also included.
- Hospital waste is detrimental to the environment and can be both biodegradable and non-biodegradable. Non-biodegradable items include syringes, medicine bottles and equipment, cleaning waste, and research laboratory waste.
How can we manage non-biodegradable waste?
As previously said, waste management entails steps ranging from waste generation through waste disposal. Non-biodegradable waste must be collected, stored, transported, and disposed of separately, from regular biodegradable and non-hazardous waste.
In India, waste management is the responsibility of the respective state's “State Pollution Control Boards”, which are centrally overseen by the Ministry of Environment, Forestry, and Climate Change.
Municipalities adopt the following procedures to manage non-biodegradable waste.
- Municipalities establish non-biodegradable waste collecting centers in specific wards or divisions, where waste is temporarily held before further processing.
- Waste segregation is accomplished by hiring rag pickers and segregation. NBW is collected for a separate treatment procedure.
- Both sorts of waste are maintained in separate containers with different colour codes, for easy identification by the general public.
- Separate trucks or, at the very least, separate receptacles are supplied for waste transportation. To prevent waste spillage, the vehicles must be covered.
- Municipalities also provide for various waste disposal methods that operate in a scientific manner, including recycling and landfills.
Non-biodegradable Waste Recycling
The ideal approach for decreasing non-biodegradable waste is to refuse, reduce, reuse, and recycle.
Non-biodegradable waste is separated and transported to waste treatment plants for processing and treatment. They are even recycled there.
Methods for disposing of non-biodegradable waste
It is typically used for non-recyclable, non-biodegradable waste, biohazardous hospital waste, and so on. It entails the breakdown of waste using high heat, i.e. temperatures above 5000 degrees Celsius. Metals can be recovered from leftover ash using various procedures.
· Landfills for sanitary waste
These are comparable to landfills, except they are constructed in a planned and methodical manner. Normal landfills do not prevent waste and harmful substances from leaching or leaking into the earth.
Sanitary landfills are enclosed areas with equipment for collecting leachate and gases released. These also keep pests and pathogens at bay.
· Arc plasma furnaces
These are specialized furnaces that convert waste directly to plasma, the fourth state of matter.
The waste is packed compactly in an inert shell called a capsule, which prevents any interchange of gases or other substances. These capsules can be used to bury waste deep into the ground.
Many of these businesses are stepping up to aid the environment and clean up the country.
The government must also extend municipal services to rural communities. It must also collaborate with private enterprises to generate investment and improve the sector.
Reducing waste, such as enacting a plastic ban, has not helped. People must also recognize the gravity of the problem posed by nonbiodegradable waste, and adjust their attitudes towards it.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water is devoted to waste disposal that is both safe and responsible. To do this, we provide a wide range of modern solutions, including solid waste management, wastewater treatment, sewage treatment, and much more.
We also educate our clients on how to avoid pollution by taking a sustainable strategy, and utilizing advanced treatment methods. For additional information, contact our environmental experts at +91 9650608473 or via email at email@example.com