What are the CPCB Responsibilities for Air Pollution in India?
Any chemical, physical or biological component that contaminates the interior or outdoor environment and affects the atmosphere's natural qualities is referred to as air pollution.
Household combustion devices, motor vehicles, industrial operations, and forest fires are all common sources of air pollution. Particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, and other pollutants are all serious public health concerns. Outside and inside, air pollution is a major cause of respiratory and other illnesses, as well as a substantial source of morbidity and mortality.
Around the world, an estimated seven million people die each year as a result of air pollution!
According to WHO data, nearly all of the world's population (99%) breathes air that exceeds WHO guideline limits and contains high levels of pollutants, with low- and middle-income nations bearing the brunt of the burden. The World Health Organization (WHO) is assisting countries in combating air pollution.
From the haze that hangs over cities to smoke in the house, air pollution is a major health and environmental concern. Millions of people die prematurely each year as a result of the combined impacts of ambient (outside) and domestic air pollution, primarily as a result of increased mortality from acute respiratory infections, stroke, heart illness, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer.
Central Pollution Control Board
The National Air Quality Monitoring Programme is a nationwide programme of ambient air quality monitoring run by the Central Pollution Control Board (NAMP). The network has 804 working stations that serve 344 cities/towns in 28 states and six union territories around the country.
The N.A.M.P.'s goals are to determine the state and trends of ambient air quality, to determine whether prescribed ambient air quality standards are being violated, to identify Non-attainment Cities, to gain the knowledge and understanding needed to develop preventive and corrective measures and to comprehend the natural cleansing process that occurs in the environment through pollution dilution, dispersion, wind-based movement, dry deposition, and precipitation.
Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Oxides (NO2), Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM/PM10), and Fine Particulate Matter (PM-2.5) have been identified for regular monitoring under N.A.M.P. at all locations. The monitoring of meteorological factors like wind speed and direction, relative humidity (RH), and the temperature is also combined with air quality monitoring.
The Central Pollution Control Board's key responsibilities are as follows:
1: To provide advice to the Central Government on any topic relating to air quality improvement, pollution prevention, control, and abatement.
2: Plan and oversee the implementation of a national air pollution prevention, control, and abatement programme.
3: To provide the State Pollution Control Boards with technical help and recommendations.
4: To conduct and support research and investigations into the prevention, control, and abatement of air pollution.
5: Acquire, synthesise, and disseminate technical and statistical data on air pollution.
6: The goal is to establish annual air quality guidelines.
Broad guidelines for Public
AQI is an initiative aimed at increasing public knowledge and participation in initiatives to improve air quality. People may help by keeping their vehicles in good working order, adhering to lane discipline and speed limits, avoiding excessive idling, and turning off engines at red traffic lights.
In addition to the aforementioned, people should avoid driving during severe or very bad AQI; instead, utilise public transportation, bikes, walk, and carpool; and use smaller automobiles.
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