What is the Composition and Characteristics of Solid Waste?
The environmental challenge posed by municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the most significant. Waste management is often the responsibility of municipalities. The residents must have access to an effective and efficient system. However, they frequently face issues that go beyond the municipal authority's capacity, to handle the MSW.
The MSW composition varies greatly from municipality to municipality, and from country to country. These variations are primarily influenced by the way of life, the state of the economy, the rules governing waste disposal, and the industrial structure. For the assessment of the proper handling and management of these wastes, the quantity and composition of the municipal solid waste are essential.
Composition of Solid Waste
Municipal or household wastes are typically produced from a variety of sources, where various human activities occur. In addition to other items that would be challenging to categorise, their makeup includes yard waste, food waste, plastics, wood, metals, papers, rubber, leather, batteries, inert materials, textiles, glass, paint containers, and many other things.
Features of solid waste
Residential, commercial, institutional, hazardous, and industrial activity is among the sources of solid waste. Refuse or municipal solid waste is any non-hazardous waste from a community, which needs to be collected and transported to a processing or disposal location.
Garbage and rubbish are included in refuse.
Decomposing food waste makes up the majority of garbage, which also includes dry materials like glass, paper, linen, and wood. Unlike junk, garbage is easily putrescible or decomposable.
Bulky waste such as old refrigerators, couches, and enormous tree stumps, are examples of trash. It needs specific management and pick-up.
Construction and demolition (C&D) waste
Although, it is not regarded as a part of the MSW stream, construction and demolition (C&D) waste makes up a sizeable portion of total solid waste amounts. However, as C&D waste is non-hazardous and inert, it is often disposed of in sanitary municipal landfills.
E-waste or electronic waste
Electronic waste, sometimes known as e-waste, is another category of solid waste that is possibly expanding at the greatest rate. This category includes out-dated computers, televisions, phones, and other electronic gadgets. There is a growing concern about this form of waste.
Among the materials of concern found in electronic gadgets are lead, mercury, and cadmium. Government rules are needed to control their recycling and disposal.
Characteristics of Solid Waste
The characteristics of solid waste vary greatly between towns and countries. Geographical location, climate, season of the year, and numerous other factors, all affect the amount and the characteristics of MSW generated.
Before any treatment or disposal facility is conceived and constructed, the waste characteristics from each community must be carefully researched.
Solid waste generation (SWG) is a problem and a cause for concern all throughout the world, but it is more acute in urban areas. As a result of the severe environmental contamination, difficulties are brought on by this massive amount of SWG. Such SWG is regarded as one of the most difficult issues, encountered by the majority of developing countries.
Increased production of solid waste in metropolitan areas has had a significant impact on sanitary issues, and the availability of essential services, including water supply, waste management, and transportation infrastructure. As a result, for proper solid waste management, it becomes essential to determine the composition and characteristics of the solid waste.
How can we assist?
The system designers at Netsol Water will be able to assess, all input and output needs for the client's project, and select the most efficient and practical solid waste management technique, for municipalities, residential areas, commercial areas, as well as industries. We can also ensure sustainable methods of solid waste disposal, along with recycle and reuse.