The unsung heroes in the daily lives of the people are centralized sewer systems and water treatment facilities. These operations, which range from maintaining clean drinking water to handling human waste, go unseen, and for good reason—public exposure to sewage is something that no one should have to cope with.
But what about those who work in the sewage industry every day?
The most frequent methods for individuals to come into contact with sewage are through things, like backed-up sinks, tubs, and floor drains, overflowing toilets, septic tanks, etc. However, professionals who deal with sewage on a daily basis incur the risk of exposure, at any time while performing their duties.
Can wastewater make you sick?
Sewage-related illnesses can affect a person's health right away and cause bacteria to spread quickly. The presence of viruses, bacteria, and parasites in raw sewage creates three primary health hazards.
Gastroenteritis, which is sometimes mistaken for the stomach flu, can be brought on by viruses. This virus can result in severe vomiting, nausea, cramps, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain.
Poliomyelitis, another infection, can paralyze a person permanently or even temporarily. It is typical to experience symptoms including a sore throat, fever, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and stomach pain.
· Bacterial Issue
If untreated and uncleaned sewage is exposed, bacterial illnesses may result. Bloodborne infections have the potential to develop into potentially fatal conditions. Campylobacteriosis is a type of bacterial illness that can result in vomiting, fever, cramps, and bloody stools.
E. coli is a more prevalent bacterial infection linked to sewage exposure; if left untreated, it can progress to the severe haemolytic uremic syndrome, leading to kidney failure or even death. Along with other linked symptoms, E. coli can cause nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and fever.
Workplace sewage exposure can result in sickness from:
· Microorganisms in feces and bodily fluids, such as hepatitis B and HIV.
· Enteric (intestinal) microbial pathogens that, when consumed, can result in gastroenteritis include rotavirus and cryptosporidium.
· Opportunistic bacteria (such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Legionella pneuomophila)
· Microbial endotoxins, which are non-infectious chemicals generated by dying bacteria that can induce sensitization (allergy), and gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms.
· Parasites such as intestinal worms and Giardia duodenalis.
Diseases caused by wastewater
• Gastroenteritis: It is characterized by symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea and is brought on by germs in sewage.
• Skin infections: If sewage-related germs get into a cut or abrasion, they can lead to skin infections.
• Hepatitis A: Although, the prevalence of hepatitis A is low, persons who work with untreated sewage may be at higher risk if the illness is widespread. Hepatitis A can be avoided via vaccination.
• Hepatitis B: Those who work with raw sewage are at danger of contracting the disease. Hepatitis B can be avoided with vaccination.
• Leptospirosis: Bacteria secreted in the urine of infected animals, mainly rats, cattle, and pigs, cause leptospirosis. If the germs enter a cut, another area of broken skin, the eyes, mouth, or nose, infection may result. An influenza-like condition brought on by leptospirosis can develop into a serious disease.
The following people are at risk of exposure to sewage:
• Employees at wastewater treatment facilities, lab personnel, and contractors.
• Employees who maintain, repair, or replace septic tanks and sewer systems.
• Technicians who maintain wastewater or recycled water systems, such as plumbers, irrigators, and others.
• Individuals who move sewage waste.
• Employees who irrigate with wastewater or apply biosolids to the ground.
Understanding diseases from wastewater and need of their treatment techniques in India, a wide variety of wastewater treatment options which includes physical, chemical, and biological processes, are offered by Netsol Water.
Netsol combines cutting-edge technology with years of experience to handle the most challenging water treatment, or wastewater treatment requirements of a wide range of clients, including small enterprises, corporations, and regional government agencies.