One of the most priceless resources on earth is water. However, water is frequently exposed to bacteria when it flows through streams, burrows through the earth to underground aquifers, or rests in lakes. In fact, waterborne infections are to blame for a shocking number of fatalities.
Bacteria and waterborne pathogens can be removed from water with careful testing, the right water filtration, and effective disinfection, protecting you and your home from illness. But, before moving onto disinfection systems, let us understand the kind of bacteria present in water.
What types of bacteria are present in water?
Although, a vast variety of microbiological organisms can live in water, salmonella, E. coli, and shigella, are among the bacteria and protozoa that are the most frequently problematic.
Viruses like the rotavirus and the norovirus can also be transported by water. Water is the all-purpose solvent, absorbing everything along its route from rains through the earth to aquifers, including dissolved salts, organic matter, and mineral content.
Numerous diseases that are waterborne can enter our water supplies through faeces and dead animals, which have decomposed in the soil. While, not all bacteria found in water are harmful, many of them can give your water a mouldy, algae-like taste or lasting earthy odour. Simply improving the water quality that you and your family drinks, makes it worthwhile to get rid of this bacteria.
A microscopic parasite known as Giardia is one of the main causes of waterborne illness. Giardia, if it infects you, will live in your intestines and result in giardiasis. It causes stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea, and nausea.
Cryptosporidium is a tiny parasite that is commonly found in water sources all over the world. Human intestines can harbour the cryptosporidium bacteria, which can lead to the illness known as cryptosporidiosis.
Diarrhoea, dehydration, fever, nausea, and weight loss are all symptoms of this minor digestive ailment. This illness can spread to further digestive and respiratory tract regions, in people with weakened immune systems or pre-existing medical disorders. Cryptosporidiosis can become a chronic condition with major health repercussions, when it is contracted by people with weak or impaired immune systems.
3: E. coli
Escherichia coli, or E coli, is a type of bacteria that can be found in the intestines of healthy humans and animals worldwide. The majority of E. coli bacteria are entirely safe to consume, but a tiny number of dangerous strains can result in serious illness if ingested.
E. coli bacteria, however, can also infect water, crops, and plants. When exposed to E. coli-contaminated cow manure, spinach and lettuce can become contaminated and, if eaten raw, can transmit the illness to people. Furthermore, harmful E. coli can be introduced by agricultural runoff, precipitation, and floods.
Freshwater streams, lakes, and other surface waterways naturally contain Legionella, a harmful bacterium that prefers warmer water temperatures. Legionnaire’s disease is a condition that resembles pneumonia and is brought on by inhaling Legionella.
Additionally, Pontiac Fever, a minor flu-like illness, is brought on by it. Warm water encourages Legionella growth, which can make it more challenging to eliminate with chemical disinfectants, like chlorine.
Shigellosis is a highly contagious diarrheal disease caused by a genus of bacteria called shigella. Shigellosis is most frequently distributed among children in schools, childcare facilities, or public swimming pools, but it can also infect adults who consume unfiltered, untreated water. If contracted, the illness results in severe diarrhoea, fever, and cramping in the abdomen.
How can we assist?
With Netsol Water, you can make the smart choice and eliminate these bacteria from your water, by making it safe!
Water treatment and water treatment technologies are critical in removing pollutants and bacteria, before supplying safe, drinkable water. Water supplies can become contaminated, necessitating proper treatment to prevent disease-causing microorganisms. As a result, it is necessary to disinfect water, with various disinfection systems including UV disinfection, ozone disinfection, chlorine disinfection, etc.