Why do oil and gas industries require a Water Softener?
Oil and gas production is usually accompanied by the use and production of large amounts of water in a variety of applications. The industry recognizes its reliance on water and is working to reduce its use by increasing reuse and recycling opportunities, as well as improving treatment technologies and disposal options.
Water is critical in the production of oil and gas. Companies cannot optimize their systems and generate consistent revenue without it. However, you may be unfamiliar with the specifics of water treatment for oil and gas purposes.
Water seeps through reservoirs as oil and gas are produced. This is due to the fact that the two most commonly drilled rock types (sandstone and limestone) are extremely porous, allowing fluids to easily pass through. Because all of these things are produced in the reservoir, they must be separated. This is where water treatment production comes into play. Something must be done to properly separate the oil, gas, and water for later use.
FUNCTIONING OF OIL AND GAS INDUSRTY
Seawater is the preferred source of water for injection in offshore oil and gas platforms. When seawater with high sulphate levels is injected into reservoirs with formation water containing barium and strontium, super saturation of barium and strontium sulphate can occur, resulting in precipitation and scale. By removing sulphates, the possibility of scale formation and constriction is avoided, as well as sour control.
Water softener removal units are designed to selectively remove sulphates and hardness from seawater using nanofiltration (NF) membrane technology with low rejection of monovalent ions, which is ideal for maintaining seawater composition and preventing mineral leaching from the rocks to which the oil adheres.
Prior to feeding the nanofiltration membrane system, sulphate removal units require pre-treatment of the seawater for the removal of suspended solids.Typical pre-treatment technologies include multimedia filtration and cartridge filters, as well as ultrafiltration technology, which provides a very high product quality while lowering operation costs in the downstream treatment.
To prevent corrosion and bacterial growth in the tubing, a de-oxygenation tower and oxygen scavenger chemicals are used to achieve low oxygen levels. Sulfate removal units can also be outfitted with small reverse osmosis units for producing fresh water for use in utilities as well as rinsing and cleaning the nanofiltration membrane system.
The first water treatment technologies were mineral treatment technologies, but techniques have greatly improved over time. At this point, companies can completely remove oil droplets from water by using gravitational pull and increasing droplet size to speed up the process.
A water treatment plan will make the water safe to release into rivers and oceans by lowering the level of oil and hydrocarbons in it. However, this isn't the only way that water treatment can benefit an oil company.Water can also be used to treat oil and gas before it is released into the environment. Oil can also be flushed into production wells using water. Water can not only keep a reservoir's pressure stable, but it can also draw out more oil. And the more oil recovered, the more money there is to be made. That money, however, cannot be made unless you have water treatment insurance and a comprehensive plan in place for your business.
All of this process gets easy if the water is soft, and for that there is a need of water softener which can be provided by a leading manufacturing company like Netsol Water Solutions.