The phrase "biodiversity" comes from the words "biological diversity" and "biotic diversity."
From genes and features to species and ecosystems, these concepts all refer to the concept of living variation. Precursor phrases such as "biotic diversity" have aided in communicating why we should be worried about the loss of variety caused by the species extinction catastrophe (later referred to as the "biodiversity crisis"). This acknowledged the idea that living variety has current worth because it gives the potential for future human advantages.
Why bio diversity was considered as multi values for humanity?
The pre-history of biodiversity provides a key argument for a definition that incorporates counting-up species, reflecting the species extinction catastrophe and the values of variation. The pre-history of "biodiversity" also underlined the idea that the worth of variety should be evaluated alongside the recognised benefits of specific species, and that all of these advantages can be used to enhance decision-making through trade-offs and synergies.
Some modern viewpoints or framings on biodiversity and its significance can be interpreted as blurring the line between biodiversity and "bio-specifics" once more. One such interpretation connects "biodiversity" with the entirety of nature. Focusing on "biodiversity" as a collection of distinct units/components leads to the conclusion that "biodiversity" encompasses so many individual elements that it can be equated with biotic "nature."
The term "biodiversity" can be construed to include not just the numerous individual elements, as well as all of their ecological interactions and associated activities in an ecological/ecosystem framework. These broader viewpoints, which focus upon components and their interactions, raise the risk of overlooking opportunities to appropriately address both nature/ecology and biodiversity-as-variety values.
Types of bio diversity
1: Genetic Diversity: Through genetic linkages, every species on Earth is related to every other species. The closer two species are genetically, the more genetic information they share and the more similar they appear. Members of an organism's own species, or organisms to which it has the potential to mate and have children, are its closest relatives. Members of a species share genes, which are biological information bits that affect how animals look, act, and live.
2: Species Diversity: Species diversity refers to the variety of species found within a habitat or location. Species are the basic units of biological taxonomy and, as a result, the standard unit for measuring biological diversity. The amount of different species found in a given place is referred to as "species richness." Although there are an estimated five to 10 million species on the earth, only 1.75 million have been properly named. Some habitats, such as rainforests and coral reefs, have a large number of species.
3: Ecological Diversity: Ecological diversity refers to the complex network of different species found in specific habitats, as well as the dynamic interplay between them. An ecosystem is made up of organisms from different species living in close proximity in a specific area, as well as their interactions through nutrient, energy, and matter exchange. These ties are formed by interactions between organisms of various species.
In almost every ecosystem, the sun is the primary source of energy. The sun's light energy is converted into chemical energy by plants. Energy passes through the system when animals eat plants and are then devoured by other organisms. Fungi get their energy from decomposing organisms, which releases nutrients back into the earth. As a result, an ecosystem consists of both living (plants, animals, bacteria, and fungus) and non-living (climate and chemicals) components interconnected by energy flow.As each of Earth's ecosystems dissolves into the ecosystems around it, measuring ecological variety is challenging.
As we become more conscious of the value of biodiversity, it is our collective obligation to preserve bio variety in order to sustain a healthy and productive lifestyle.
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