What is Recovery and Recycling of Municipal Solid Waste?
Recycling is the collection, processing and remanufacturing of materials that would otherwise be discarded. It diverts a considerable portion of municipal, institutional, and business waste from disposal, saving scarce natural resources and reducing environmental impacts as well as the administrative burden on public authorities. It has the potential to generate revenue, lowering MSWM's overall costs.
Advantages of recycling
The following are some of the advantages of recycling:
1: For urban local bodies or ULBs
-Reduced waste volume to be handled;
-Cost savings, if visible income (from the sale of recyclables) can be achieved;
-Longer landfill life span, because recyclables are diverted away from landfills;
-Reduced environmental management efforts by urban local bodies.
2: Reduced usage of raw materials, fertilizers, and other resources for the economy
-Low-cost items can be manufactured from recycled materials;
-Opportunities for informal sector, workers, as well as recyclers and the recycling business.
3: For the environment
-Resource sustainability: less energy consumption and pollution;
-Land use for disposal sites is reduced;
-Environmental implications, especially climate change impacts are reduced.
There is also the possibility of recycling solid waste dumped by citizens. It should be emphasized; however, the large volumes of recyclables are already collected in advance by the kabadi system or scrap dealers prior to waste disposal by citizens. Efforts should be undertaken to further sort the recyclables currently discarded by households, shops, and establishments and to send them to the recycling sector.
What are the facilities for Solid waste recovery?
A material recovery facility (MRF) is a facility where non-biodegradable and recyclable solid waste collected from the curb is separated, sorted, and various recyclable waste components are recovered for resale.
The MRF accepts a variety of waste fractions (non-biodegradable and recyclable), and its configuration is determined by numerous parameters such as the kind, quantity, and quality of waste materials received. The material is separated into several waste fraction streams (paper, plastic, packaging paper, bottles, etc.) and then sold to intermediaries who sell bulk material to the recycling industries.
MRFs also need a lot of storage space to temporarily store sorted recyclables that can then be sold in bulk to recyclers for a higher resale value. These can be characterised as manual or automated depending on the size of the operation and the extent of mechanisation in the facility.
1: Manual MRFs are used by small scale units for manual sorting, and they are often owned, maintained, and managed by the informal sector.
2: Mechanized MRFs with advanced systems and equipment are used in large-scale facilities to efficiently separate enormous quantities of material into distinct fractions.
The solid waste management framework should be used to assist the selection of the most appropriate MSW handling technology. Pre-processing facilities are common in SWM plants to separate organics from recyclables and other high-calorie waste. That is why, Netsol Water works closely with the local community and other waste providers. Because of the large number of institutions and stakeholders engaged in MSWM, it is critical that the plan, which attempts to close gaps or improve service quality, be established through a consultation approach. The opinions of stakeholders, including their desire to engage and pay for the service, should be taken into account. We have over 10 years of experience custom-designing and manufacturing wastewater treatment plants, water treatment plants, SWM systems, among other services.
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