With the rising amount of air contaminants, breathing clean, fresh air has become almost impossible. Because, of the causes of air pollution, everyone is concerned about their health.
What are the main causes of air pollution in Delhi?
There are various causes of air pollution. Some of them are:
1. Fossil fuel combustion
The incomplete combustion of fossil fuels is the primary cause of air pollution. For the purpose of generating energy for transportation or electricity, they include coal, oil, and gasoline.
The amount of fossil fuel used is indicated by the high CO emissions. Along with nitrogen oxides, this releases additional harmful chemicals into the atmosphere. The heart's capacity to pump enough oxygen is decreased by breathing air, which has been contaminated by pollution from the combustion of fossil fuels and natural gas.
Consequently, one may develop a number of respiratory and cardiac conditions. In addition, acid rain and smog development are caused by nitrogen oxides.
2. Industrial Emission
Industries release a number of air pollutants, which have a far-reaching impact on the air quality. The main pollutants released by businesses that use coal and wood as their main energy sources for producing their goods, are particulate matter 2.5 and 10, NO2, SO2, and CO. The industries release enormous volumes of organic substances, such as CO2, hydrocarbons, etc., as well as other toxins.
They also have an impact on the climate since CO2 has a greenhouse effect. As a result, the earth's atmosphere becomes trapped with the heat. As a result, both the temperature and humidity rise.
3. Indoor air pollution
No matter where you are—in an office, a classroom, or your cozy home—inadequate ventilation, the usage of harmful goods, also known as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), uneven temperature, and humidity levels, can all contribute to indoor air pollution.
Household air pollution can be caused by careless actions, such as smoking in a space or ignoring mold growth, on the walls. 17% of lung cancer fatalities are attributable to carcinogens and pollutants, in indoor air pollution.
As a result of climate change, air pollution and wildfires are on the rise. Burning farm waste and stubble also significantly contributes to wildfires.
It increases the amount of PM-2.5 in the atmosphere, which interacts with other hazardous elements, like chemical gas and pollen to create smog.
5. Microbial decaying process
Numerous CO, hydrocarbons, chemicals, and organic compounds are released into the environment by the manufacturing, chemical, and textile sectors. The biogeochemical cycles in nature are fundamentally influenced, by bacteria and fungus.
When these in the environment microorganisms deteriorate, methane gas, which is extremely harmful, is released. Methane is a poisonous gas that can be inhaled and cause death.
The number of cars on the road is rising daily. There is no doubting that automobile emissions are the main cause of air pollution, particularly in metropolitan areas where the percentage of people, who own a car is higher than in rural areas.
When a car burns gas, it releases airborne contaminants that are just as dangerous, as smoking ten cigarettes a day.
7. Open rubbish burning
It is far more hazardous to your health and the environment than you may believe. Delhi creates 9500 tonnes of rubbish each day, making it India's second waste dumping city.
The open burning of rubbish waste might be hazardous to one's health.
8. Construction and Demolition
Several construction sites and raw materials such as bricks and concrete produce haze and filthy air, which endangers people, particularly youngsters and the elderly.
9. Agricultural activity
Agriculture has exerted a substantial impact on air quality degradation. To begin, chemical fertilizers and pesticides are the leading causes of air pollution.
With the rate at which air pollution in the country is increasing, immediate action has become an imperative need. It not only has an impact on human lives, but it also has a negative impact on the environment.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water is dedicated to offering practical solutions for air pollution management, thus, safeguarding the world's most valuable resource, the air. We provide biofilters, scrubbers, incinerators, and many more to control air pollution in Delhi, and other cities of India.