Managing waste has always been a challenge, but when the 20th century began and its inventions were introduced into modern society, this problem grew! Batteries, electronics, plastic packaging for goods, oil containers and all other luxuries are simply messing with and annoying nature at its worst. Before all of this, people used to help the environment in order to keep it clean and safe for all species to live on.
Rapid economic growth and population expansion in metropolitan and other Indian cities have resulted in the production of thousands of tonnes of solid waste!
India is progressively being sucked under by its own waste. Low collection coverage and poor disposal facilities are just two of the many causes of incorrect treatment of solid waste. This causes diseases to spread across the land, water and air, endangering human life and endangering the environment. We all contribute significantly to the waste produced in this society, yet none of us are prepared to take concrete action. Nowadays, the majority of commercial, residential and industrial waste is disposed of in landfills or surface impoundments.
What are the harmful effects of improper waste management?
Severe concerns, including health risks and environmental degradation, result from improper waste collection, recycling or treatment, as well as from the uncontrolled disposal of waste in landfills. General wastes, special wastes and construction waste all make up the average municipal solid waste stream.
Unsuitable tactics, operations or maintenance of dumps and landfills have had detrimental effects and caused issues with waste collection. Here are a few negative outcomes that might result from poor waste management:
· Contamination of the soil
It happens when dangerous materials like plastic bottles and metals are spilled or buried in the ground. It has an adverse effect on animal and human health as well as plants. We as citizens need to start recycling on our own.
· Emits Greenhouse Gases (GHGs)
After undergoing anaerobic degradation in landfills, organic wastes begin to release greenhouse gases and a terrible odour. They develop into a major source of toxic gases.
· Water Contamination
Hazardous wastes are kept in landfills and eventually find their way into the groundwater. We all drink this infectious water, but we haven't yet made any efforts to change our tendency to produce waste.
· Air Pollution
In order to reduce volume, waste is occasionally burned in landfills and residential areas. This pollutes the air by releasing nitrogen oxides, soot and carbon monoxide.
· Animal and marine life harm
Despite rigorous regulations, waste is frequently dumped into the water, which negatively impacts marine life. The pollutants that penetrate into the soil put animals that eat grasses close to polluted areas or landfills at risk of poisoning.
· Human harm
Workers who deal with waste and others who live close to landfills are more at danger because of the numerous health difficulties it can bring, including reproductive disorders, respiratory troubles, blood infections and skin irritations.
These are some methods for waste management that are employed in India now-a-days. By creating technology like the Food Waste Recycler, which turns waste into organic fertilizer, some waste management companies in Delhi, like Netsol Water Solutions, are helping the environment.