Why there is a need to conserve water?
Surface runoff and regularly replenished groundwater provides the freshwater that can be utilized. India's total renewable water resources are projected to be around 1897 sq. km per year, although there is still a scarcity of water.
Why do we need to conserve water?
Main reasons for water conservation are as follows:
1. As the world's population is growing, so does the demand for water, resulting in lower groundwater levels.
2. Because rainfall is seasonal, inconsistent, and erratic, farmers cannot rely on it entirely for a profitable harvest.
3. The ever-expanding businesses not only consume a lot of water, but they also contaminate it.
4. The creation of hydroelectric electricity necessitates the use of water.
For these reasons, conserving water and managing our water resources is critical for ensuring a secure future and preventing the destruction of our natural ecosystems.
How can we save water in gardens?
1. Taking care of soil
(a) In the spring, mulch flowerbeds and the base of shrubs and trees to keep moisture from evaporating during dry spells.
(c) Mulching the surface of hanging baskets helps to keep moisture in the basket.
(d) To use in hanging baskets and pots, add water-retentive granules or gel to compost, or buy compost that already has them mixed in.
2. Water at the right time
(a) A lot of people overwater their gardens. This is not only wasteful, but it also indicates that we are working harder than necessary.
(a) Check the soil about a spade-deep down to see if one needs to water or not. It's great if it's damp; if it's dry, one should water it.
(c) Watering the garden before a drought starts in helping keep the soil moist and prevents a water shortage.
(d) To prevent evaporation, water plants in the evening when it is cooler.
3. Choose flowers that require less water
Lavender, palms, mimosa, and verbena, to mention a few, require less water to thrive than others. We should plants trees and plants that require less water.
4. Use the best watering techniques for your plants
Sprinklers are fantastic for watering the lawn and soaking unplanted regions, but they can't be utilized to target specific portions of your garden.
(b) Hoses and watering cans
Use these to water around the plant bases beneath the leaves, leaving the surrounding soil dry. This prevents weed development and ensures that all water is directed to the areas where it is most required.
(c) Leak hoses
These hoses have holes in them that allow water to seep out. They can be buried in soil or mulch to prevent evaporation and save water. They allow you to water established plants in rows, but they work best on heavy soil since the water spreads out more sideways and covers more area than it would on lighter soils.
(d) Automated irrigation systems
When you set them to, they allow water to drip or trickle into developing areas. They are the most time and effort-saving alternative, but they are also the most expensive. When programming your system, make sure to account for hot and dry weather.