What are the components of a water treatment plant?
A water treatment plant is a simple installation of a plant used to purify water and separate it from contaminated substances. The contaminated substances are made up of solid, liquid, and semisolid particles, making the water unsafe for human consumption. Water treatment plants are installed in various types around the world, depending on the type of contaminated substance being purified.
Components of Water treatment plant
The drinking water plant's components are interconnected so that when water is drawn from the primary source, it is easily transferred to the intake well and passed through to the water pumping system.
Water is then treated in the chemical house and filtered through sand filters. The filter bed washing system uses chlorine to disinfect the water before it is dumped into the clear water reservoir via the clear water pumping system. Other essential processes occur, such as testing the water in the laboratory for the presence of bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms before treating it in the plant. Furthermore, the clear water is tested to ensure that the overall purification system worked properly and left no residual contaminants that could endanger human health.
Intak Well: The intake well, as the name implies, serves as a structure for safely withdrawing water from the water source and discharging it into the withdrawal conduit. It is located at the beginning of the entire water treatment plant and ensures a steady supply of water to keep the treatment process running.They accept water from various sources, such as reservoirs, lakes, or canals, and then transport it to the treatment plant.
Aerator: Aerators introduce air into the water flow, which may come as a surprise. The goal of air induction is to oxidise iron and reduce the dissolved gases in the intake well's water. Although the dissolved gases cannot be completely reduced, partial reduction causes iron and manganese to be converted from the ferrous to the ferric state before the water is introduced into the filtration process.
Sand Filter: The procedure eliminates sinkable, floating, and suspended particles from the water. When water is collected from its source, it is forced through a fine bed of sand or gravel, where particles are removed through absorption or physical encapsulation. Sand filters are used as a final polishing stage in any type of water purifier plant.They are capable of capturing both suspended material and bacteria floating in the water. The filtered water slowly sinks through the sand bed, leaving the residual matter above or within the stand.
Chlorination by the chlorine dosing system: Chlorination is a widely accepted method for treating microorganisms in water. The most common application of chlorine is in swimming pools. It is a disinfectant in which a hypochlorite solution is injected into the water.Even after filtering the water through the sand bed, there are bacteria present that can harm human health. Chlorination, in conjunction with an advanced dosing system, aids in the fight against such bacteria floating in the water.
SCADA and instrumental System: The SCADA system is a sophisticated technological process that monitors and controls other physical processes in an industrial setting. For instance, traffic lights, water distribution, gas transportation, electricity transmission, oil pipelines, and other processes are used. The SCADA system's primary function is to control equipment involved in the production, manufacturing, fabrication, and development of raw materials.