Major Environmental Laws and Policies in India
Environment is no one's property to destroy; it is everyone's responsibility to protect!
The present time is all about rapid increase of industrialization and selfish human needs, Environment is suffering badly. The importance of conservation as well as improvement of the environment with supportable use of natural resources is shown really well in the Indian constitutional law of environment. Environmental laws of India provide the knowledge to maintain an ecological environmental balance by defending the forests and wildlife of the Indian country.
As the Environmental laws and policies in India have been changed after independence 1947, the Indian constitution was adopted in 1950 and never dealt with the subject of environment or prevention before 1976.
Environmental laws and policies in India
- 1. The Forest conservation act in 1980
- 2. The Environment protection act in 1986
- 3. The Wildlife protection act in 1972
- 4. Air prevention and control of pollution act in 1981
- 5. Water conservation and Control of pollution act in 1974
- 6. Public liability insurance act in 1991
- 7. Biological diversity act in 2002
- 8. The National green tribunal act ,2010
Goals of Indian Environmental Laws and policies
- 1. The forest conservation act 1980, aims at checking deforestation and deflection of forest land.
- 2. The Environmental protection act in 1986, legislation of environment in India imparts focus in order to conserve the environment and the purpose of plugging the rules in the existing legislation.
- 3. The Wildlife protection act in 1972 introduced rational and modern wildlife management.
- 4. The air prevention and control of pollution act in 1981, to monitor air pollution.
- 5. The water prevention and control of pollution act, 1974 provides for the formation of pollution control boards at center and states in order to act as safeguards for preventing and controlling water pollution.
- 6. The public liability act in 1991 provides compulsory insurance to provide immediate relief to the people who are affected by accidents while handling any dangerous substance.
- 7. The Biological diversity act in 2002 for the security of threatened species to hold back frombio - piracy and water scarcity, it also performed for the regularization usage of natural resources and to avoid its over-fatigue.
- 8. The National green tribunal act in 2010 provides the effective and immediate results for the disposal of instances which are related to protection of forests,environmental conservation and implementation of any legal rights which are relating to the environment. The act also provides proper compensation and reassurance to the people and property and their connected matters. The act is all about proper point on the jurisdiction power and proceedings of the tribunal and penalties of the actions against the law.