What is the Component of a Water Softener?
A water softener consists of three parts: a control valve, a mineral tank, and a brine tank. These three work together to remove minerals from hard water, monitor water flow, and clean the system on a regular basis via a regeneration process.
The control valve monitors the amount of water that flows through the mineral tank and into your home. The valve contains a metre that measures the amount of water that enters the mineral tank. Control valves are demand-initiated controllers that enable water softening units to operate at peak efficiency.
The mineral tank is the chamber that softens hard water. The hard water is fed into the tank via the water supply line. Water seeps through the bed of resin beads, depositing calcium and magnesium ions that harden the water. The water softly exits the tank and flows through your pipes to your household appliances.
The brine tank aids in the regeneration of the water softening system. It is a smaller tank located next to the mineral tank. The brine tank contains a highly concentrated solution of salt (or sometimes potassium) that is used to restore the positive charge of the resin beads. Salt in the form of pellets or blocks is manually added to the brine tank.
These dissolve in the water at the tank's bottom. When the control valve detects that the resin's softening capacity is dwindling, the heavy brine solution is drawn from the tank and flushed through the resin in the mineral tank. If the salt in the brine tank runs out, the water flowing through the unit will no longer be softened.