A water softener, as we know, is a system that removes minerals that "harden" water, such as calcium and magnesium, from water. Hard water can cause flaky deposits on tableware, pipes, and appliances. It can also create soap scum, clogging, and corroded plumbing. If mineral removal does not work well, the water softener needs to be repaired. Soft water gives the detergent an additional boost, making the soap slippery on the skin. For this reason, it is advisable to reduce the consumption of soap/detergent after installing the water softener.
How does the water softener work?
The water softener removes hard minerals and introduces sodium ions instead. Sodium does not interfere with soaps like calcium and magnesium. This exchange is done by ion exchange. During ion exchange, positively charged cations (substances that you want to remove from water) are exchanged for the less charged molecule, sodium. Resin pearls, an inorganic mineral that forms small crystals, make this possible.
Since the resin beads are negatively charged and can retain positive ions, they can draw out highly charged calcium and magnesium ions as the hard water moves through the tank. They replace sodium ions because their charge is stronger. Some of the sodium ions disperse in the soft water that enters faucets, showers, dishwashers, etc.
How to troubleshoot your water softener?
Many problems require a specialist to repair the water softener, but there are some things you can do to identify the problem and provide a quick solution.
Remember that you need to turn off the water softener before troubleshooting.
This can be done by following the point where the pipe connects to the house.
>Move the lever so that it does not point to "soft" and turn off the device.
>Clean the resin bed. Iron can stain it. Pour iron out into the system and manually regenerate the softener (the rotary knob is under the control valve). This will wash away the wastewater. Other cleaning agents can be used if they contain hydrosulphite (e.g., phosphoric acid or citric acid cleaning agents).
>Resin Tank may be clogged with deposits. Operate the bypass valve to stop the flow of water and then manually regenerate the fabric softener. Then remove the caps on both sides of the soft finish head. Finally, clean the injector and rub the sieve well. After a long power outage, make sure the control settings are correct. If the water is not as soft as usual, you know that the settings are incorrect.
>If you are short of salt, fill the tank 2/3 with sun salt, rock salt, or vacuum salt.
If a softener is very old (15-20 years) and the tank breaks and leaks, it is highly recommended to replace the entire water softener system. The factors that led to this decision are the age of resins, the age of tanks, and the digital controllers.
In case of emergency replacement of water tank, stand-by tanks can be useful as they fulfil the needs immediately. Netsol can provide immediate solution in case of emergency requirement.