Water softening: Basic Introduction
Water softening is the process of removal ions of magnesium, calcium and sometimes iron. These metals make water hard and cause rusting and damage in pipelines. Also soft water requires less soap for cleaning as compared to hard water containing metals. Zeolite process and Ion-exchange method are two very common methods of water softening but these days reverse osmosis and nanofiltration are gaining strength in this department.
Hard water causes blockages and rusting of pipe, scaling of pipe due to calcium carbonates and bicarbonates. Hard water can clog pipes, damage boilers, heat exchangers, and many other devices. A water softener system can prevent these negative effects. Hard water creates an increased risk of limescale build-up in industrial, commercial, and domestic water systems.
Water softening systems can provide peak performance for up to 20 years. Water softeners are designed for maximum durability and reliability in terms of system malfunctions.
Water softeners can remove up to five milligrams per litre (5 mg / L) of dissolved iron and can be operated automatically, semi-automatically, or manually. Each type is classified according to how hard it can remove before requiring regeneration. Commercial water softeners collect hardness minerals in treatment tank and occasionally flush them down the drain.
When an ion exchanger is used to soften water, it replaces the calcium and magnesium ions in the water with other ions, such as sodium or potassium. The exchange ions are added to the ion exchange reservoir as sodium and potassium salts.
Need of water softening in hospitals
Water is used for almost all work in a hospital. From scientific applications such as sterilization of surgical instruments, dialysis treatments, etc. to input applications such as steam generation, heating / cooling, etc. The water quality has a great influence on the fitness, protection of hospitals and employees. For this reason, hospitals and health facilities are subject to the strictest fitness and safety regulations. This requires a simple sterile environment, safe-to-use domestic water, simple garage water tanks, joint water sampling.
Hard water can be a real problem for hospitals, significantly increasing operating fees. Maintenance groups must remove hard stains, and remove soap scum from toilet taps, laundry, and the kitchen system and water heaters are full of lime-scale, shortening their existence and increasing their force charges. Washing is more difficult as more detergent is needed.
Having a supply of sterile water is an important element in each clinic. Doctors, patients, and the team of workers alike want dependable water for each day applications from disinfecting clinical merchandise and equipment, wound cleansing, consuming water, and sterilization earlier than clinical procedures.
Water remedy structures should accommodate all the strictest requirements for any applications, which includes remarkable water treatment plant use in hospitals. Reverse osmosis and water softening structures are best for producing immaculate, and uncontaminated water to maintain excessive purity of water in the hospital industry.Quality of water affects the immediate well-being of the patients. Thus, such a system of water purification should be devised to satisfy compliance requirements, limit cost, and offer custom water first-class for the particular wishes of the facility.