Wastewater treatment facilities (WWTPs) clean wastewater so that it can be released back into the environment.
These technologies, which are used in the treatment facilities, have been enhanced to perform better and use less energy. Thus, a paradigm change is occurring in which WWTPs as well as ETPs are no longer viewed as wastewater treatment facilities, but rather as resource extraction facilities.
Let’s look at the use of biotechnology in the treatment of effluent.
What is biotechnology?
Biotechnology is a novel technological application that incorporates biological systems, and living or descended organisms to create or modify goods, or procedures for particular uses.
These technologies include bio-electrochemical systems (BES), which synergize and combine a biological and an electrochemical process in the same reactor, improving the performance of existing processes—in this case, water treatment—from the standpoints of specificity and energy efficiency, while also providing the opportunity for resource recovery.
The biotech-based new industrial revolution
The primary use of biotechnology, the removal or cleaning of contaminants, and the attraction of the clean and expensive strategy, compete with the conventional physicochemical assessment method.
Less resource use is related with this new generation of innovative technology.
The text's collection of potential application areas includes, among other things, the conversion of electrical energy into methane, as well as the recovery of nutrients and energy.
How is biotechnology used in effluent treatment of ETPs?
In the process of treating wastewater, microbes oxidize organic matter to produce electrons, which are then used to create electrical current.
For everything else, the BES system offers a classic comparable integrated digestive system, which has the advantage of regulating the biological process, and boosting the quality and volume of biogas produced. BES systems are also being researched as substitute electricity storage systems.
In this regard, power-to-gas technologies, which store electrical energy in a gaseous energy vector (hydrogen or methane), represent a viable option for large-scale energy storage.
In particular, the employment of BES to carry out the electromethanogenesis—a process known as the conversion of carbon dioxide to methane—represents a Power-to-gas technology, in addition to the already-existing chemical and biological methanation.
Benefits of biotechnology to treat wastewater
Industrial wastewater can be treated using biotechnology in the following ways:
1. Use standard water purification methods to lower the high expenses, associated with wastewater treatment.
2. If industrial activity has a place, return cleaner resources to reduce the environmental impact of businesses.
3. By reusing the treated water in the manufacturing process, you can reduce the amount of drinking water you need.
4. Reuse the resources you've already acquired, like extra energy sources.
Biotechnology can be used in a variety of industrial settings (agribusiness, the food industry, some petrochemicals, etc.) to treat water and soil, filter water, gaseous effluents, and municipal sewage.
Through the recovery of ammonium nitrate present in domestic sewage, which results in the manufacturing of fertilizer, the BES technology can examine the viability of the use of the product, to recover as fertilizer for agriculture and the reuse of the treated water.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water offers a wide range of wastewater treatment solutions, such as water softeners, wastewater treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, water treatment plants, RO Plants, as well as effluent treatment plants for various industries.