Disinfectants eliminate germs and microorganisms. It's crucial to pick the correct disinfectant. They must not only function but also be secure for the setting in which you are operating.
How many types of disinfectants used in water treatment?
There are several different disinfectants, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. While, many are switching to green products to reduce their exposure to toxins, efficient green disinfectants are frequently difficult to find. Thus, finding the correct disinfectant for the treatment of your water and wastewater is very crucial.
Let’s understand the different types of disinfectants with their applications.
Types of Disinfectants
The two main categories of disinfectants are oxidizing and non-oxidizing.
Non-oxidizing disinfectants block the metabolic pathways required for the cell to survive, whereas oxidizing disinfectants completely eliminate all biological matter.
What are oxidising disinfectants?
Peracetic acid, sodium hypochlorite, and hydrogen peroxide are examples of oxidizing disinfectants, used for surface cleaning.
Per acetic acid: At very low temperatures and concentrations, peracetic acids can be employed. There are two commercially accessible concentrations: 5% and 15%. Because of its high reactivity, peracetic acid is not suitable for all surfaces.
Soft metals should always be avoided. Brass, copper, iron, and zinc all react aggressively with peracetic acid, ruining such finishings. The two industries that employ peracetic acids most frequently are the food businesses, and the cleaning of medical equipment and facilities.
Sodium hypochlorite: This disinfectant should be used within three months of manufacturing, even though it is cleaning-effective. The product will naturally lose available chlorine over time, decreasing its effectiveness.
Hydrogen peroxide: The effects of hydrogen peroxide on human health and the environment are quite low. It is made of oxygen and water. These elements combine to create an oxidizing agent, which destroys cells by stealing electrons from other molecules within them.
Hydrogen peroxide loses efficiency when it comes into touch with organic substances, like soil that haven't already been thoroughly removed from a surface. This almost holds true for all disinfectants that oxidize.
What are non-oxidising disinfectants?
In dry conditions where only light disinfection is required, alcohol-based disinfectants perform effectively. Alcohols may work well in some commercial settings, but they are not the best choice where the highest level of disinfection is desired.
Quaternary ammonia, popularly known as quats, is a healthy and environmentally sound alternative for any workplace. There are several distinct types of quats; some are more biodegradable than others and each has a unique environmental character.
When used in low quantities, this disinfectant is thought to be less hazardous; however, large doses can cause skin and respiratory irritation.
Whatever sort of disinfection is required for your particular work environment, it will depend on your facility and the degree of cleanliness you need to accomplish.
As the leading manufacturer of water and wastewater treatment facilities, Netsol Water offers the best water treatment facilities with disinfection measures that are environmental friendly, like UV disinfection. These are completely safe for the environment and human health.
Call us at +91 9650608473 or email at email@example.com for further information.