India is notorious for having extremely polluted air. Water pollution in India, on the other hand, is just as prevalent and dangerous, with up to 80% of its water contaminated.
Polluted waterways have an impact on the standard of living of many Indian families, particularly those living in impoverished communities. Furthermore, contaminated water creates unsustainable aquatic environments.
Toxic waste, such as discarded plastic and domestic sewage, is harming India's fishing industry, which accounts for a significant portion of the country's economy. In order to combat water pollution, India has launched many initiatives and solutions to combat water pollution, as well as recycle ocean plastic into road construction materials, thereby protecting the environment.
What are the Solutions to water pollution in India?
Water pollution occurs when harmful toxic substances, such as microorganisms and chemicals, contaminate a lake, river, stream, ocean, or other body of water, lowering its quality and making it toxic to the environment.
Water Pollution’s Impact on Livelihoods
In India, urban areas generate approximately 62,000 million liters of sewage water per day (MLD). With a treatment capacity of only 23,277 MLD, more than 70% of sewage in urban areas is not treated. Untreated waste frequently ends up in nearby bodies of water.
India's rivers are in bad shape as a result of water pollution, and citizens suffer health and economic consequences. Pollutants in the water make it contaminated and unsafe to drink.
Polluted water also has an impact on fish, which rely on healthy bacteria to survive. As a result, mass fish deaths are becoming increasingly common. Millions of people will be out of work if fish are not found in India's waterways. As of 2020, India ranks third in the world in fishery production, with the fishing industry employing over 145 million people.
Solutions to water pollution to India: Steps taken to lower water pollution
Let us give an example about how people in India are helping with water pollution issues.
Fishermen in Kerala, India, are participating in an environmental movement to maintain clean seas, out of concern for their futures. The municipal administration issued a directive in 2017, to reduce water contamination. The fishermen have responded to the request.
Kerala relies substantially on the fishing industry, which brings in a lot of revenue.The government passed theClean Sea project, requiring harbour authorities to distribute nylon bags to fishermen, so that they can store the plastic pollution that gets caught in their nets, instead of throwing it back into the sea. Construction companies buy the collected plastic in shredded form, and use it to build new roads. For native women in Kerala, cleaning and sorting the collected plastic is a source of employment.
The plastic component increases the heat resistance of India's roadways, when combined with asphalt. In addition to benefiting the environment, India is saving money thanks to the technology, which lowers the price of creating roads by 8–10%, every kilometre of plastic-paved road, as compared to a conventionally built road.
Every kilometre of road utilizes about 1 million plastic bags. As of April 2021, the project has collected about 176,000 pounds of plastic, and has built 135 kilometres of road, creating many employment opportunities in the process.
Combating poverty and degradation of the Environment
Roads that are properly developed contribute to economic growth.
India can ensure the economic development of rural communities by building, and maintaining roads. Roads to rural communities improve access to education while lowering transportation, trade, and production costs.
Repurposing ocean plastic for use in building materials lowers road costs, while also combating water pollution in India, lowering poverty overall.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water has aided in the resolution of hundreds of water-related problems, by utilizing a wide range of specialized water treatment and wastewater treatment technologies.