What is water softening?
Water softening is a method of removing the ions that produce hardness in water, most often calcium and magnesium ions. During the softening process, iron ions may be eliminated as well. Rainwater and distilled water are usually soft, because they contain few ions. Hard water is typically found in ground water (wells) because the water is in direct contact with the minerals which can be dissolved. Surface water bodies (lakes, rivers or streams) are generally soft having very low levels of hardness.
Softening of water_ Need of an hour
Hard water is not damaging to one's health in most cases, but it can cause major plumbing issues in both home and business settings. Water hardness is a severe problem that affects everything from the production of suds in bathing and washing to the costly breakdowns of boilers, cooling towers, and other water-handling equipment.
Hard water is infamous for clogging pipes and making soap and detergent dissolving in water more difficult. A water softening machine connected directly to the water supply is the best way to soften water. In residential water systems, hard water increases the likelihood of lime scale deposition. Pipes become clogged as a result of the lime scale build-up, and the efficiency of hot boilers and tanks is lowered.
Domestic water heating costs rise by roughly 15% to 20% as a result of this.Another disadvantage of lime scale is that it causes damage to household appliances, such as washing machines.
Water softener_ Basics?
A water softener is an equipment that is used to remove or reduce water hardness. The ion exchange process takes place inside this softener.
A softener is made up of various components, each of which has a distinct role.
-The mineral tank, which is a pressure vessel made of fibreglass, is at the heart of the softener. Negatively charged ion exchange resin is used to fill these tanks.
-The control valve, or softening head as it is commonly known, houses the softener's brains.
-The majority of common water softeners include an automatic regeneration feature. The simplest kind includes an electric timer that flushes and recharges the system on a regular basis.
-Soft water is not available during the recharging process. A computer monitors the amount of water utilised in a second sort of control. The computer activates regeneration when enough water has gone through the mineral tank to deplete the sodium beds.
-These softeners frequently include reserve resin capacity, ensuring that soft water is available during the recharging process.
-A mechanical water metre is used in a third form of control to assess water usage and trigger recharging. This approach has the advantage of requiring no electrical components and just recharging the mineral tank as necessary.
-The thirdmain component of a water softening system is the brine tank. During the regeneration phase, this brine (a concentrated solution of salt water) is sucked back into the mineral tank to replenish the softening bed.
What can we expect from a water softener?
Water softeners are specialised ion exchangers that are used to remove positively charged ions from water. Calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) ions are mostly removed by softeners. The minerals calcium and magnesium are known as 'hardness minerals.'
Softeners are occasionally used to get rid of iron. Softeners can be operated manually, semi-automatically, or automatically. Each type is evaluated according to how much hardness it can remove.
Netsol is recognized as one of the staggering hard-water Softening System Supplier in India. We are one of the top manufacturers and suppliers of Industrial Water Softening Plant Manufacturers.