What is the pollution and its types?
When pollutants are released into the natural environment and cause harm, this is referred to as pollution. Pollution can take the shape of any solid, liquid, or gas, or it can take the form of energy such as radioactivity, sound, heat or light. Pollutants are chemicals or energies that are either foreign or naturally occurring that contribute to pollution. Although natural processes can cause contamination of the environment, the term pollution frequently implies that the toxins come from an anthropogenic source, or one that was caused by human actions.
Categories of pollution
Pollution is typically divided into two categories: point source and nonpoint source. Major types of pollution include noise pollution, thermal pollution, visual pollution, plastic pollution, soil contamination, air pollution, light pollution, litter, radioactive contamination, and water pollution.
1: Air Pollution
Air pollution is a mixture of solid particles and gases in the atmosphere. Pollutants from automobiles, factory chemicals, dust, pollen, and mold spores can all be suspended as particles. Ozone, a gas, is a major source of air pollution in cities. Because ozone causes air pollution, it's also known as smog.
Some of the most well-known air pollutants are sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, volatile organic compounds, and airborne particles. Radioactive emissions, especially those produced by nuclear explosions, are among the most dangerous air pollutants.
Air Pollution's Consequences
Apart from the effects on humans and livestock, air pollution has a number of environmental consequences. Acid rain is characterized by high amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids, which are produced by the combustion of fossil fuels and the release of oxides and sulphur oxides into the atmosphere.
Acid rain damages trees and acidifies soils and bodies of water, making fish and other marine species struggle to survive. Nitrogen oxides produced into the air as a result of fossil fuel combustion contribute to the nitrogen that causes hazardous algal blooms.
Man-madesubstances such as hydro chlorofluorocarbons and chlorofluorocarbons which were previously utilized as coolants, foaming agents, insecticides, solvents, aerosol propellants, and fire extinguishers, destroy the ozone layer.
2: Land and Soil Pollution
Fossil fuels (oil, gas, and coal) have broken down practically all boundaries in modern industrialized civilizations and have become an integral part of our daily life. We rely on fossil fuels to meet our most basic requirements (such as fueling a vehicle). These are also utilized in commodities like all kinds of polymers, solvents, detergents, asphalt, lubricating oils, and a wide range of industrial chemicals (specifically oil) in the power generation business.
Effects of Land and Soil Pollution
Contamination of land and soil has serious consequences for humans, plants, microbes, and marine life. Polluted land and soil can cause a variety of skin ailments, respiratory issues, and even malignancies of various forms.
3: Water Pollution
Insecticides and herbicides, food waste, animal waste, organic volatile compounds, heavy metals, chemical waste, and other pollutants pollute water. Water contamination occurs when dangerous substances, such as chemicals or microbes, pollute a stream, river, lake, ocean, aquifer, or other body of water, decreasing the quality of the water and rendering it poisonous to humans or the ecosystem.
Water Pollution's Consequences
Water contamination has different repercussions depending on where toxins are discharged. Humans, animals, and marine life are all at risk from water contamination. The legal and illegal dumping of garbage and chemicals by industrial enterprises, health centers, and individuals pollutes water supplies near metropolitan regions.
The mortality of marine species, which has the potential to devastate the entire food chain, is by far the most serious effect of water pollution. Fertilizer contamination in drinking water supplies can lead to toxic algae blooms that kill fish and other aquatic animals. Direct contact with this toxic algae causes a variety of health problems in humans, including neurological symptoms, respiratory difficulties, and stomach and liver illnesses.An issue arises when disinfectants used to purify drinking water enter water contaminated with harmful algae and react to the creation of dioxins.