What are plastics?
Plastics are synthetic or semi-synthetic materials that use polymers as the main component. Their plasticity allows them to be moulded, extruded or pressed into solids of various shapes. In addition to this adaptability, various other properties such as light weight, durability, flexibility, and inexpensive manufacturing have made it widely used.
Plastics are usually made by the human industrial system. Most modern plastics are made from fossil fuel-based chemicals such as natural gas and petroleum. However, new methods use variations made from renewable raw materials such as cotton derivatives.
Plastic pollution is caused by the continuous adding of plastic waste in the environment. It can be divided into primary plastics such as cigarette butts and bottle caps, or secondary plastics resulting from the decomposition of the primary plastic. It can also be defined by its size, from micro-plastics, small particles of environmentally dispersed plastics (<5 mm) to macro-plastics.
Accumulation of waste
-Accumulation of marine debris, plastic debris or particulates, and non-biodegradable fishing nets that continue to capture wildlife and debris.
-Waste that kills animals by ingesting plastic objects
-Arrival of micro-plastics and plastic microspheres from cosmetics and personal care products
Plastics have been rising since commercial development in the 1950s. Global production is growing exponentially. Its success is due to its excellent properties such as easy malleability, low cost, mechanical resistance, etc. As an ideal packaging material, plastics are virtually everywhere.
What is the cause of plastic pollution?
Negligence is the main cause!
In fact, it is estimated that 80% of marine debris comes from land. This pollution mainly comes from household waste. Household waste is poorly recycled, landfilled, or left in nature. This waste is carried by the wind and is pushed by the rain into sewers, streams, rivers and ultimately the sea.
Natural disasters such as floods should also be considered as other causes of plastic pollution. This plastic waste is chemically contaminated in several ways. They contain compounds that can be chemically transferred to an organism when ingested. In addition, plastic bags also affect plant growth by interfering with the process of photosynthesis in the agricultural sector.
The most direct effect of plastic pollution is the trapping of animals in nets and large debris. It is the cause of serious deaths in marine mammals, turtles and birds. The second direct impact is the uptake that affects the entire food chain of marine ecosystems.
Due to the chemical additives used in the manufacture of plastics, plastics have potentially harmful effects on human health. In fact, exposure to toxic plastic chemicals can cause cancer, birth defects, immunodeficiency, and other health problems
How can I get rid of plastic pollution?
Marine cleansing is a very important first step, but not a long-term solution, but the best way to tackle plastic pollution is with this controversial but very useful material, our ideas and practices. Is to change:
In order to effectively reduce plastic pollution, it is clearly necessary to reduce plastic consumption. That means changing our daily behavior, avoiding plastics when there are better alternatives, and using plastics only when absolutely necessary.
Plastic can cause environmental pollution if handled improperly, but it also has many advantages such as durability. Therefore, many plastic products can be reused or used for other purposes. Before throwing away plastic products, think about how you can reuse them.
Plastics that can be recycled should be collected and treated and moulded so that it can be recycled and then reused.