What is the Centralized and Decentralized Solid Waste Management?
Solid Waste Management (SWM) systems were traditionally conceived and executed at the municipal level, with centralized systems serving the entire urban local bodies. For continued efficiency, interactive planning with the community is essential to determine the scope of centralized and decentralized municipal solid waste management systems.
What are Centralized systems?
Centralized systems are preferred for waste processing and treatment plants like RDF plants, incineration plants and municipal sanitary landfills, which can benefit from economies of scale.
What are the advantages of Centralized systems?
The following are some of the benefits of centralized waste management:
1: Systems with high economies of scale,
2: It follows a system of single monitoring point, and
3: It has high-end technology and environmental controls.
What are the disadvantages of Centralized systems?
The following are some of the drawbacks of centralized waste management:
1: It has a greater tract of land,
2: There are many funding constraints,
3: There is a limited experience of Urban local bodies in handling large contracts, and
4: There is a significant risk of environmental failure in systems where environmental controls are not in place or monitored.
What are Decentralized systems?
Decentralized waste management systems, also known as community-level waste management systems, alleviate the strain of managing huge volumes of Municipal Solid Waste at a central place, lowering transportation and intermediate storage expenses. The success of decentralized facilities depends on segregated doorstep collecting. All decentralized schemes should be evaluated for long-term viability and their impact on a city's entire SWM system should be identified and taken into account when constructing citywide waste management facilities.
What are the advantages of Decentralized systems?
The following are some of the benefits of decentralized waste management:
1: These systems allow for a lesser level of mechanisation than centralized ones,
2: They create opportunities for informal workers and small businesses,
3: Decentralized solutions can be adapted to the local waste stream as well as climatic, social, and economic factors,
4: These systems lower the cost of waste collection, transportation, and disposal.
5: These systems provide suitable land for waste management facilities (composting organic waste, recyclable sorting facilities, etc.),
6: There is no local opposition to the plant's siting,
7: Local experts or non-governmental organisations (NGOs) oversee the process in an environmentally acceptable manner,
8: Municipality has in-house capacity for effectively monitoring systems.
What are the disadvantages of Decentralized systems?
Decentralized SWM solutions are inappropriate in the following scenarios:
1: Availability of land in most urban neighbourhoods,
2: Availability of technically qualified staff to ensure scientific and hygienic operations,
3: Ensuring periodic check on product quality, and
4: Ensuring financial viability of decentralized projects, particularly when qualified staffing is required.
The waste management solutions underpin the integrated solid waste management (ISWM) systems, which aim to reduce waste disposal while maximizing resource recovery and efficiency.
Netsol Water, as a sustainable solution provider, we are concerned about Environmental remediation and solid waste management in India. Thus, we provide a complete variety of standard and fully configurable solid waste management systems as well as their comprehensive maintenance. Choosing a trained, accredited, and experienced SWM specialist will considerably boost your chances of long-term satisfaction with your overall system. We have over 10 years of experience custom-designing and manufacturing wastewater treatment plants, water treatment plants, SWM systems, among other services.