Economic expansion, a high standard of living, and education are all necessary for development. Industrialization is seen as a key factor in determining economic growth. Urbanization and the production of either biodegradable or non-biodegradable waste are inevitable, in an industrialized environment. The world has been extremely concerned about this. The local economies are under a lot of pressure due to the limited economic resources, and the solid waste management.
A sustainable solid waste management system is required, in order to address concerns, from the social, economic, and environmental perspectives.
What does solid waste constitutes?
It is made up of waste that is s?olid or semi-solid and is either recyclable, biodegradable, or neither.
What does solid waste management include?
Waste management involves gathering, moving, processing, and disposing of waste materials, typically those brought about by human activity, in an effort to lessen their impact on public health, local aesthetics, or recreational amenities.
Management of solid waste entails a number of health concerns.
It entails dangers. The low pay of waste pickers prevents them from meeting their basic needs, which naturally contributes to their poor health. Examples of these include accidents, explosions, fires, allergens, infectious diseases, odours, and noise.
The group of people most impacted is the underprivileged or poorer segment of society. Environmental issues are related to it, in addition to health issues. Negative effects of solid waste management include global warming, water pollution, air pollution, and climate change. Therefore, poor health management poses a health risk in any urbanised area.
What are the Methods of Sustainable Solid Waste Management?
Sustainable waste management strives to reduce the quantity of solid waste, which is disposed of in landfills or by incineration. A more thorough approach to sustainable waste management must focus on the whole lifecycle of a product, in order to decrease the negative environmental, social, and economic repercussions of the current century consumption. This is due to the fact that waste begins even before items are generated, in our current linear economy.
Importance of sustainable solid waste management
If we are to enhance our current solid waste management systems, it is crucial to understand what constitutes a sustainable waste management.
New waste management techniques are needed, to successfully deal with existing waste streams, while simultaneously lowering the quantity of waste produced. The focus is on end-of-life waste reduction, as well as the designing waste, out of production cycle.
Use of 3R’s: Reduce, reuse, and recycle
Sustainable development is growth for the current generations, without compromising growth for the following one. The three R's of Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle must be practised, in order to have a sustainable solid waste management system.
Waste collection efficiency needs to be increased. To keep cities clean and green, it is important to discourage and avoid crude and open dumping, promote private sector involvement, consider separate hospital waste collection, aggressively engage local governments, and, most importantly, encourage public participation.
Why is environmentally sound waste management so crucial?
A crucial element of a bigger circular economy is sustainable waste management. It adopts a methodical approach, to economic development with the aim of disconnecting growth from the use of scarce resources, in contrast to the take-make-waste paradigm.
Sustainable waste management not only provides more immediate remedies to the numerous difficulties, but also aids in addressing the major issues of a linear consumption society.
Methods of sustainable solid waste management
Paper and paperboard goods make up the majority of municipal solid waste (MSW). Despite,being biodegradable and less harmful than plastics, these materials nonetheless put an unfair strain on the environment, due to their wasteful usage.Deforestation occurs as a result of the use of raw materials in the production of new paper, which also consume a significant amount of water and energy.
Even though this waste stream recycles at a very high rate, 100 million tonnes of wood could be saved annually, if all waste paper were processed through efficient recycling programmes. Just one tonne could save "17 trees, 2 barrels of oil (enough to run the average car for 1,260 miles), 4,100 kilowatts of energy (enough power for the average home for 6 months), 3.2 cubic yards of landfill space, and 60 pounds of pollution."
· Food Wastage
Food waste is the second-largest single component of municipal solid waste, and has a significant negative impact on society, the economy, and the environment.
Sustainable waste management might actually compost or donate "waste products," but instead our current systems send them to landfills, where they decompose and release CO2 and methane, both of which have a significant impact on global warming.
The impact of inefficient food production, which is responsible for more than 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions,and more than 70% of freshwater withdrawals, is where the problem of inefficient solid waste management really starts. If we can't control overproduction at the source, or employ food waste recyclers to produce soil fertilizer, it seems unlikely that collection systems will be able to handle the volume of waste produced.
Plastics, the third-largest component of MSW, have emerged as the paradigm of the perils of a linear economy, with single-use items suffocating land and ocean.
Sustainable waste management entails minimizing and avoiding the use of single-use plastic items, while also raising the recycling rate.
How to start improving the sustainability of your solid waste management?
Here are a few pointers to help you identify, how to start adopting sustainable waste management in households and companies.
· Don't utilize single-use goods
Use reusable goods in favour of single-use ones. Invest in some mugs or glasses rather than disposable coffee cups. Making the transition to a greener choice could benefit the environment, and save money.
· Provide a waste disposal substitute
A business is likely to produce a variety of wastes, and enabling all employees to take action is one method, to promote more sustainable waste management.
· Change to digital economy
By converting as much of paper, as feasible to digital forms, organizations may easily improve sustainable waste management. This could involve converting to online banking, issuing/receiving bills electronically as opposed to physically, having meetings shared rather than printed, etc.
A fantastic strategy to increase sustainability is to see, whether a company or store can reuse or recycle any items, which would otherwise be thrown out. This could be excess food in supermarkets and restaurants, out-dated office equipment, overstocked non-food items in non-food businesses, or even restoration supplies.
If the proper framework is put in place, solid waste management can be sustainable in both businesses and homes.
How can we assist?
The system designers at Netsol Water will be able to assess, all input and output needs for the client, and select the most efficient, practical, modern and sustainable solid waste management technique, for municipalities, residential areas, commercial areas, as well as industries. We can also ensure sustainable methods of solid waste collection and disposal, along with proper recycle and reuse.