A wide range of infrastructures, including apartments, commercial construction projects, educational institutions, towns, and area development projects, are required to install STPs for the treatment of the sewage they generate. This is in accordance with the statutory guidelines laid out by the CPCB.
The guideline requirements cover elements relating to the site or location of STPs, the STP technology to adopt, its operation, as well as its maintenance, in order to guarantee the effective and secure operation of the machinery.
Objective of sewage treatment plants
1. To lessen the sewage's potency so that it won't contaminate the receiving water.
2. To purge sewage of all pathogens so that it can be disposed of properly.
3. Purge the sewage of any materials that could cause a hazard so that it can be disposed of securely.
4. To stop the extinction of aquatic life, including fish.
How to choose the Location to install sewage treatment plants?
STP should be positioned away from residential housing, underneath driveways, playgrounds, or clubhouses, to prevent irritating the residents.
Additionally, STP should not be installed in any building's basement. Access to the STP room should be made from the ground level or upper basement, by well-designed pathways or headroom rather than the lowest basement to eliminate issues, which may arise due to rain floods, smell, or sound.
Location of STP for industries
The treatment facilities are to be situated as close as practicable to the disposal site. The treatment facility should be situated on the river bank, if the sewage is to be dumped in a natural stream.
They ought to be on the city's downstream side and far enough from the water intake point. In order to shorten the length of the sewer, the plant should not be too distant from the town.
However, the location shouldn't be too close to the town that it might harm the surrounding area's air.
When choosing a sewage treatment plant's public site, the following factors should be taken into account:
1. The location of the facility's inlet.
2. In accordance with the topography of the ground, the position of the treatment units should be suitable for the operation of the wastewater collection system. It is preferred for the sewage to enter the site, via the drainage system's natural slope, eliminating the need for a pumping station.
3. To protect the remainder of the land from flooding and rain, sewage treatment plants should be situated reasonably high.
4. Hydraulic position of the facility: to reduce load loss and guarantee equal consistency of flow separation, a straight flow path between the units is advised.
5. The placement of the treatment plants should be near the operationally essential electrical sources.
6. Neither the city's urban plan nor any future expansions, nor the rules governing the protection of agricultural areas shall be impacted by the site of the treatment plant.
7. The site of the treatment facilities must not obstruct future city expansion plans, and must allow for the expansion of the future wastewater collection network.
8. The distance between the treatment facilities and the city and network service should be sufficient. Between the construction site and the residential zones, there should be a buffer zone.
9. Green areas that will provide access for the staff in charge of the operation, to each point of the treatment unit are preferred for these buffer zones.
Sewage is the term used to describe waste created by residential, institutional, commercial, and industrial institutions. STP facilities treat sewage to make it safe for disposal, as well as for use in agricultural and domestic uses. Sewage frequently contains both organic and inorganic contaminants in significant quantities. It must be cleaned up before it enters any body of water.
Before being discharged into rivers or any other sources of water, sewage must be properly treated to prevent contamination. If this step is skipped, the water will become contaminated.
What do we offer?
One of India's top producers of water treatment facilities is Netsol Water. In order to provide our customers with a solution created to operate with our purification and filtration plant, we have introduced a specific line of sewage treatment plants.