WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY WATER QUALITY AUDIT?
Water quality refers to the physical, chemical, and biological state of water when it is used for a given purpose. To support the Water Quality Audit, thousands of off-site inspections are made each year to collect water quality and biological samples. The results of the sampling are used to inform resource assessment and restoration efforts. It also makes the most of the money spent on environmental monitoring by making constant improvements and coming up with new ways to improve field sample collection.
It is also involved in the development of new monitoring programmes and the negotiation of Water quality permit criteria to aid with the inefficiency of indefinite-quantity monitoring.
A water balance audit is performed to determine how much water is lost or not included in a water distribution system. The amount of water produced is compared to the amount of water delivered and billed to arrive at this conclusion. Knowing how much water is being lost is crucial for water supplies. Water is a valuable commodity, and the water distribution system is an important aspect of any city's infrastructure. The entire system is harmed by excessive water use or inappropriate billing for water. Water balance audits should be performed at least once a year to ensure that water is used as efficiently as possible. It can be done on a big scale for a city or a state, as well as on a local scale for provision projects, businesses, and buildings. A water audit can reveal where water is being used effectively and where it is being wasted. It boosts financial performance while simultaneously improving distribution system expertise.
STEPS TO MEASURE WATER AUDIT:
1. THE WATER USE INVENTORY:It is critical for facility administrators to gain a thorough understanding of how and where their facility uses water. To accomplish so, a list of all water use points in the facility, as well as flow rates, must be created.Begin by walking through the facility and noting every site where water is used. The inventory for items like toilets and faucets should include the item, its position, and its flow rate. Identify any low-flow fixtures or flow restrictors that have been installed in the facility on the inventory.
2. METERING:Most facilities, unfortunately, only have a single master water metre. Master metre readings will illustrate how a facility compares to others, but they will not show where to look for places where water use can be lowered, especially if the institution is vast or complicated. Submetering is required to narrow down use to possible regions where use can be reduced. The design of the water system feeding the facility has a big influence on where and how submeters are installed. Submeters should be deployed in separate zones or levels of the plant in the ideal scenario. Cooling towers and process cooling equipment, for example, would each have their own separate water use rate. Water metre readings will be used to establish a baseline for the facility's water usage. Water consumption can be tracked on a use-per-square-foot basis, just as energy use for different types of facilities, to allow comparison between similar facilities. Other metrics, rather than square footage, will likely be more useful.
3. REVIEW MAINTENANCE PRACTICES:If water conservation hasn't been a top focus in the past, there's a good possibility no single person or group is responsible for it now. And, as with so many things in facilities management, if no one person is responsible for anything, it isn't a priority for anyone. As a result, specific water-related issues may have been identified by several people but not properly addressed. Preventive maintenance strategies have long been known to improve system performance while lowering overall operating expenses.
4. WATER EFFICIENCY PLAN:Once data on how water is utilised at the facility has been acquired, a strategy for lowering water usage can be devised. The plan should specify who will oversee implementation. It should ensure that the individual has the necessary authority and support to carry out the strategy. The strategy should include explicit goals for the facility's water usage reduction. Those objectives must be measurable, attainable, and feasible. The plan must also include a process for evaluating the program's progress toward its objectives on a regular basis. Several areas where water savings can be made should have been identified during the water audit. The water efficiency plan should set the priorities for implementation based on costs, benefits, and available manpower.