Introduction to wastewater
Wastewater is described as water that has become unfit for use as a result of specific activities, sources, and uses, such as washing, bathing, rainfall runoff, using the toilet, or industrial processing. The process of transforming utilized water into bilge water that can be released after rigorous processing and treatment is known as wastewater treatment. This involves the removal of impurities such as chemicals, poisons, and germs, among others, in order to make the water safe for discharge back into the environment.
The wastewater treatment process is divided into four stages:
1: Preliminary or pre-treatment, which filters big particles from the wastewater and eliminates gravel and grit;
2: Primary treatment, which settles greater amounts of suspended materials, primarily organic;
3: Secondary treatment, which biologically degrades and reduces organic matter residual; and
4: Tertiary treatment, which employs specific treatment procedures to target specific contaminants.
The first and most important function of a wastewater treatment facility is odour control. Wastewater contains a plethora of unwanted chemicals that, when combined, may produce a nasty stench over time. The production of hydrogen sulfide is the most typical source of this stench (H2S). Calcium nitrate is one of the most regularly utilized compounds to reduce its production.
The Truth of Calcium Nitrate
Calcium nitrate has long been utilized as an H2S reduction solution. As previously stated, excessive amounts of hydrogen sulfide are hazardous to one's health, hence wastewater treatment plants race to eradicate it as soon as possible. There is no doubt that calcium nitrate works; however, you must continue to use it to manage the H2S.
Is there any use of Calcium Nitrate in WWTP?
The addition of nitrate reduces sulfide formation through two mechanisms:
1: Preventing sulfide formation by using nitrates as the oxygen source instead of sulfide, thus inducing an anoxic denitrification process and preventing bacteria from consuming sulfate and carbon sources.
2: Removal of sulfides already present in the higher slime layers and bulk flow by biochemical oxidation of dissolved sulfides in the presence of nitrates using naturally occurring bacteria.
The use of Calcium Nitrate in the removal of wastewater odours
1: Calcium nitrate is a colourless salt generated from the nitric acid treatment of limestone. It can also be produced during the nitrogen oxide absorption process by milk of lime. It has a wide range of applications, from agricultural fertilizer to wastewater treatment. Calcium nitrate provides an anoxic biology in wastewater management, which prevents the metabolism of odour-creating components such as hydrogen sulfide, hence reducing bad smells.
2: Calcium nitrate has a high potential for odour elimination in municipal wastewater treatment plants and sewer networks. The addition of calcium nitrate causes autotrophic denitrification, which aids in the biological dissolution of sulfide in septic effluent.
3: Furthermore, calcium nitrate increases the capacity for oxidation reduction, limiting the formation of any odour-producing chemicals under anaerobic environments.
Calcium nitrate has a wide range of uses and has shown significant promise in a variety of industries. Given that calcium nitrate may reduce industrial smells by over 90% by preventing wastewater from becoming septic, an increasing number of towns are taking note of these benefits and attempting to include calcium nitrates into their wastewater management plans.
What can Netsol Water offer?
Netsol Water is committed to providing our valued customers with hands-on service, expert counselling, and training. Every environmental problem and its management have a solution in us. We provide ETPs, STPs, WTPs, WWTPs, among other services.