What is Potable Water?
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is collected from surface and subsurface sources and treated to meet state and federal drinking water standards.
Drinking Water and Potable Water Reuse
Potable water reuse is the technique of reusing treated wastewater for drinking water. Another alternative for diversifying a region's water resource portfolio is potable water reuse.
There are two types of reusing potable water:
1: Indirect potable reuse: Before the water is treated at a drinking water treatment facility, it passes through an environmental buffer such as a lake, river, or groundwater aquifer.
2: Direct potable reuse: This entails treating and distributing water without the use of an environmental barrier.
Describe Industrial Potable or process water Equipment?
Netsol Water is a leader in the design and manufacture of plug-and-play modular wastewater treatment system. To deal with any form of waste water effluent, we have a variety of process technologies that may be integrated in a modular design.
Some of the Netsol’s potable water treatment solutions are:
1: Reverse Osmosis:
Now what is Reverse Osmosis?
Reverse osmosis is a technique for removing the vast majority of pollutants from water by forcing it through a semi-permeable membrane under pressure.Reverse osmosis works by increasing pressure on the salt side of the RO and forcing water through the semi-permeable RO membrane, leaving virtually all dissolved salts in the reject stream (about 95 percent to 99 percent). The amount of pressure required is determined by the salt concentration in the feed water. To counteract the osmotic pressure, more pressure is required as the feed water concentration rises.
Desalinated water that has been demineralized or deionized is known as permeate (or product) water. The reject (or concentrate) stream contains the concentrated contaminants that did not pass through the RO membrane.
2: Ultra-filtration treatment:
What is Ultrafiltration Treatment?
Water is purified using ultrafiltration (UF), which involves pushing water through a semipermeable membrane. Water and low-molecular-weight solutes pass through to the permeate side of the membrane, while suspended particles and high-molecular-weight solutes remain on the retentate side.
UF can remove most organic chemicals including viruses, as well as a range of salts. It has gained appeal because it produces consistent water quality regardless of the source water.It has a smaller physical footprint, eliminates 90-100 percent of pathogens, and requires no chemicals (saves for membrane cleaning).
3: Anaerobic Digestion:
What is anaerobic digestion?
Anaerobic digestion, a biological treatment method that relies on bacteria that thrive in the absence of oxygen, is currently being used to eliminate organic waste and trace organic contaminants (TOCs) produced by human activity. TOCs build up in organisms through biomagnification and bioaccumulation, inflicting irreparable harm to humans and animals by altering endocrine systems and developing cancers.
Microorganisms break down organic substances during the anaerobic digestion process, resulting in biogas that is primarily methane. Methane can also be collected and used to generate energy using waste-to-energy systems.
4: Water Softening: Ion-exchange process:
What is Ion exchange?
Ion exchange, a chemical process that swaps undesired dissolved ions for similarly charged ions, is widely employed in water softening, demineralization, dealkalization, deionization, and disinfection procedures.