The Industrial Revolution has allowed people to move further in the 21st century. Technology has advanced rapidly, science has advanced, and the era of manufacturing is on full boom. All of this has had another impact: industrial pollution.
In the past, industry was a small factory that produced smoke, the main pollutant. However, the number of factories was limited and only operated at certain times of the day, so pollution did not increase significantly. However, as these factories became larger industrial and production units, the problem of industrial pollution became more and more important.
What is Industrial Pollution?
Any form of pollution that can be traced back to industrial practices at the direct source is called industrial pollution. Most of the pollution on earth comes from industry. Indeed, the problem of industrial pollution has become a major issue for authorities fighting environmental degradation. The countries facing the rapid growth of such industries see this as a serious problem that needs immediate control. There are many aspects to industrial pollution. It pollutes several sources of drinking water, releases unwanted toxins into the atmosphere and degrades soil quality around the world. A major environmental disaster was caused by the collapse of an uncontrolled industry.
Below are some of the causes of industrial pollution that have caused environmental degradation:
Causes of Industrial Pollution:
1. Lack of Pollution Control
Due to lack of effective policies and inadequate enforcement, many industries are of the Environmental Commission. The law could be circumvented, which led to mass pollution, and affected the lives of many people.
2. Unplanned Industrial Growth
Most industrial communities are experiencing unplanned growth in which companies ignore rules and norms and pollute the environment with both air and water pollution.
3. Use of Obsolete Technology
Most industries still rely on older technology to produce products that generate large amounts of waste. To avoid high costs, many companies still use traditional technology to produce high quality products.
4. Existence of many small industries
Many small industries and factories that do not have sufficient capital and rely on government subsidies to carry out their daily business often escape environmental regulations. It releases a large amount of toxic gas in the atmosphere.
5. Inefficient Waste Management
Water and soil pollution is often directly caused by inefficient waste management. Prolonged exposure to polluted air and water causes chronic health problems and makes the problem of industrial pollution a serious problem. It also reduces the quality of the air in the surrounding area and causes many respiratory illnesses.
The industry needs large amounts of raw materials to turn them into finished products. This requires the extraction of minerals from underground. The extracted minerals can cause soil pollution if spilled on the earth. Leaks from ships can lead to oil spills and can prove to be harmful to marine life.
7. Use of Natural Resources
Raw materials are essential to the industry often even require the extraction of underground elements. One of the most common forms of natural resource leaching is hydraulic fracturing. When the industry extracts minerals, the process leads to soil pollution, as well as oil leaks and oil spills that are harmful and even fatal to humans and animals.