Yamuna is the second-largest tributary of the Ganga and the longest tributary in India. It flows from the Yamunotri glacier in Uttarakhand, through seven states before joining the Ganga at Sangam in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh.
In 1909, the Yamuna's waters were distinguishable as clear blue, as opposed to the Ganges' silt-laden yellow. However, as a result of high-density population growth and rapid industrialization, the Yamuna has become one of India’a most polluted rivers. The Yamuna River is particularly polluted downstream of New Delhi, India's capital, which dumps approximately 58% of its waste into the river.
Socioeconomic Significance of Yamuna
It contributes to the formation of the highly fertile alluvial Yamuna in the Indo-Gangetic plain. The Yamuna's waters support nearly 57 million people.
The river provides more than 70% of Delhi's water supply, with an annual flow of about 10,000 cubic billion metres.
How can we stop polluting River Yamuna?
It is critical to creating a project that balances a community's social, environmental, and economic interests, in order to achieve sustainability. When a project is planned with all of these factors in mind, it results in a long-lasting program that benefits everyone.
• Social: A better system of clean-up activity that also benefits local rag pickers, rather than simply leaving garbage on the bank.
• Economic: Providing a living for local rag pickers by allowing them to recycle the waste they collect.
• Environmental: A cleaner river and better waste disposal.
What can be done at the administration level?
- Increases the number of public toilets and crematoria to reduce sewage waste entering the river.
- Educational programs to raise awareness and encourage people to use biodegradable paints when painting idols, and to stop dumping waste in rivers are required.
- Strict enforcement of regulations requiring industries and hospitals not to dump waste into the river.
- Improvements to existing sewage treatment plants (STPs) that do not meet standards.
- Water management integration by bringing together the private sector, local communities, and non-governmental organizations to ensure effective and efficient water allocation, and use for all.
- New water treatment strategies, such as automated river quality monitoring.
- Create parks with fountains or grassy lands, pools, plantations, and so on along riverbanks, to allow water to undergo artificial aeration, which leads to self-purification of the river.
- Ensure that all projects undergo full and participatory environmental impact assessments.
What can be done at the Community Level?
- Locals can report ground results and activities on a regular basis to assist authorities, in keeping an eye on industrial effluent disposal.
- Train and educate people on how to properly maintain the sewage system and waste disposal methods.
- Develop a waste management system that will enable the community to earn a living, by recycling and upcycling waste.
- Use rainwater harvesting to meet uncontaminated water needs for domestic and other purposes, all year.
- Raising the literacy rate in the community.
- The community can use more environmentally friendly idols made of organic materials.
How can Netsol Water help in protecting Indian rivers?
A wide variety of wastewater treatment options are offered by Netsol Water, including:
• Membrane separation: In wastewater treatment, there are several membrane separation techniques such as Microfiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, and electrodialysis.
• Advanced oxidation processes: AOPs are advanced oxidation processes that can oxidize pollutants by producing free radicals.
• Activated carbon adsorption: Physical adsorption and chemical adsorption are two types of activated carbon adsorption.
Other treatments include:
- Technology for anaerobic lagoons.
- Anaerobic Digestion.
- Aerated Lagoons.
- Trickling Filters.
- Solid membrane fixed bed reactor.