How does climate change affect island nations?
Most small islands already have high rates of climate-sensitive illnesses such as vector-related, food-related, and water-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and diarrhoea.
Climate change effects (including higher average temperatures, more frequent and severe extreme weather events, and rising sea levels) are expected to exacerbate this disease burden, with an increase in illnesses and deaths, as well as a threat to access to safe food supplies, clean water, and sanitation.
Rising sea levels are jeopardizing coastal access to land, particularly on low-lying islands. As saline water contaminates soil and freshwater supplies, agricultural land will become unusable. People are compelled to relocate inland, resulting in health difficulties such as increasing infectious illnesses and mental health disorders.
What are the consequences?
Rising temperatures and other climate change consequences provide breeding grounds for disease-carrying insects. Mosquitoes, which transmit diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and Zika, are particularly sensitive to temperature and humidity changes. Many Governments have pledged to take steps to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius.
Children under the age of five are especially vulnerable to climate-sensitive illnesses such as malaria and diarrhoeal disorders. To meet growing demand, already overburdened health-care systems will require greater resources.
Hospitals and health centres must be strengthened to survive violent storms, heat waves, and other extreme weather events in order to continue providing emergency health services before, during, and after catastrophes. Early-warning disease surveillance systems capable of detecting disease outbreaks, as well as prophylactic vaccination programs and medical supply prepositioning, are critical in aiding speedy response.
Vulnerabilities in the Water
Floods damage freshwater sources, increase the danger of water-borne infections, and provide breeding grounds for disease-carrying insects like mosquitos. They also cause drownings and bodily injuries, as well as damage to dwellings and disruptions in the delivery of medical and health services. Floods and droughts can have an impact on access to safe drinking water. These can result in an increase in illnesses and fatalities from waterborne diseases such as diarrhoea.
Island desalination is a solution to the water dilemma since islands are surrounded by endless seawater for desalination. While desalination has long been associated with high prices, both the demand for and the cost of water have increased, and in the meantime, technical breakthroughs have reduced desalination costs, making even small-scale desalination affordable in many circumstances.
Water reuse is the process of reclaiming water from various sources and treating and reusing it for beneficial applications such as agriculture and irrigation, potable water supply, groundwater replenishment, industrial activities, and environmental rehabilitation. Water reuse can supplement existing water sources and improve water security, sustainability, and resilience.
The increased demand of freshwater resources generated by tourists also increase seawater intrusion, which kills crops and contaminates drinking water, yet the little Island is dependent on tourism and has no alternative but to encourage tourism. Climate concerns may be managed with technology.
How can Netsol Water help?
Netsol Water provide various cutting-edge solutions for islands and distant areas to resist saltwater intrusion and deliver fresh water, allowing the people to thrive even in adverse situations.
We are the providers of water and wastewater treatment technologies in India and manufacture WTP, WWTP, STP, ETP and RO Plants,among other services. It has become our job to rescue the earth. The firm manufactures equipment’s and is dedicated to offering practical solutions that enable businesses to thrive. We are dedicated to delivering hands-on service, professional advice, and training to our valued clients. We have a solution to every environmental concern and its management.