Even while water covers 75% of the Earth, only 2.5 percent of it is fresh, and most of the freshwater is in the form of glaciers. This indicates that only 0.02 percent of the total water available on the planet can be utilised.
The biggest issue in India is water scarcity, which is followed by the problem of coping with hard water. Hard water should not be consumed without treatment because it is extremely harmful to one's health.
Even though hard water has some health benefits, it can do major harm to your health, especially to your skin and hair, when the hardness level of the water exceeds the recommended limit. Not only that, but hard water can be problematic in both home and industrial settings. Hard water discolours glass, tiles, and bath fixtures, as well as causing damage to household appliances and equipment.
WHAT IS HARD WATER FOR YOU?
Hard water is defined as water that has a high concentration of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, manganese, and other cations. Hard water is formed naturally when water passes through rocks such as limestone and chalk, which contain minerals such as calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate.
TYPES OF HARD WATER
Hard water can be further classified into two types based on whether or not the hardness of the water can be easily eliminated:
1- TEMPORARY HARD WATER: Dissolved bicarbonate minerals such as magnesium and calcium bicarbonate cause temporary hardness. Calcium and magnesium cations, as well as carbonate and bicarbonate anions, are produced by dissolving bicarbonate. The presence of these cations causes hardness in the water. The temporary hardness of the water can, however, be lessened by boiling it or adding lime.
2- PERMANENT HARD WATER: It occurs when calcium sulphate/calcium chloride or magnesium sulphate/magnesium chloride are present. Even boiling the water to remove the hardness is difficult due to the presence of these ions. Because the ions do not precipitate out, this is the case. Only a hard water softener, not any natural means, can reduce the permanent hardness of water.
ARE THERE ANY BENEFITS OF HARD WATER?
1- HARD WATER HAS BETTER TASTE: Hard water has a better flavour than soft water. Soft water has no flavour as all the minerals and pollutants get removed from water while converting hard water into soft water. If you drink hard water, though, you will notice that it has a distinct flavour.
2- HARD WATER STRENGTHENS BONES AND TEETH: Calcium and magnesium are both added to hard water as a nutritional supplement. Calcium is also used to make your bones and teeth. As a result, drinking hard water helps to strengthen your bones and teeth.
3- HARD WATER HELPS IN DIGESTION AND CONSTIPATION: Constipation is reduced and combated with the correct combination of calcium and magnesium. Furthermore, the calcium in hard water interacts with excess bile and lipids, and the mixture is subsequently removed from the body via bowel motions.
CAN HARD WATER BE CONSUMED FOR DRINKING?
When it comes to the impact of hard water on your health, if the mineral concentration is within the acceptable range, hard water is completely safe to drink. It can help you meet your calcium and magnesium needs. According to BIS rules, if the TDS level in your home's water is less than 500 mg/l, it is safe to drink. However, the optimal TDS level for drinking water is less than 300 mg/l, preferably between 80 and 150 mg/l.
Excessive hardness in drinking water might be a cause for concern if the mineral concentration exceeds the allowed limit.
The NETSOL water softening plants, on the other hand, can simply handle all of your hard water problems.