What does hard water contain?
Hard water has an over-abundance of minerals such as calcium and magnesium. Infiltration through calcium and magnesium sulphates, carbonates, and bicarbonates deposits adds an overabundance of minerals to the water, making it hard. Water with a high hardness level can cause a variety of concerns, including plumbing issues, scaling on bathroom fixtures, pipe clogs, dry skin, acne, hair loss, and infant skin rashes.
Continue reading to learn more about hard water types, measurement, issues, why you should be concerned, and how to solve all of your hard water troubles using Water Softeners!
Water hardness is caused by a variety of factors!
When water infiltrates through calcium and magnesium sulphates, carbonates, and bicarbonate deposits, the hardness of the water increases. Water hardness is divided into two categories: temporary hardness and permanent hardness.
Dissolved bicarbonate minerals generate temporary hardness in water. The presence of calcium hydrogencarbonate Ca(HCO3)2(aq.) and magnesium hydrogencarbonate Mg(HCO3)2(aq.) causes temporary hardness.When heated, calcium hydrogencarbonate and magnesium hydrogencarbonate both decompose. The original insoluble carbonate is transformed into a soluble carbonate. When water is boiled, this happens.
The following are the precipitation reactions:
As you can see, heating water creates solid calcium carbonate or solid magnesium carbonate to precipitate. This reduces the hardness by removing the calcium or magnesium ions from the water. As a result, hardness caused by hydrogencarbonates is believed to be transient.
In general, hardness which is permanent causes scale issues.The presence of calcium sulphate, calcium chloride, magnesium sulphate, and magnesium chloride, on the other hand, causes permanent hardness in water. It is a more significant problem that can only be solved with the use of a water softener.
The quantity of hardness in water
Once you've determined that the water you're using for daily tasks is hard, you'll want to check the level of hardness in the water to see what effect it has on your daily activities. Parts per million (ppm) of Calcium Carbonate equivalent or milligrams CaCo3 per litre are the most common units used to quantify water hardness. There are approximately 350 calcium carbonate (mg/l) ppm in very hard water, 250 calcium carbonate (mg/l) ppm in hard water, and 75 calcium carbonate (mg/l) ppm in soft water. The huge difference in amount alone demonstrates how harmful hard and very hard water can be to human health.
Hard water's negative consequences
Excess minerals in hard water can impact the softest of skins and the toughest of metals, from adults to babies, garments to hardware fittings. Hard water can make your skin and scalp dry and irritated, induce hair loss, cause rashes on your baby's skin, fade your clothes, and damage your bathroom fixtures.
What is the purpose of a water softener?
A water softener eliminates excess minerals like calcium and magnesium from hard water using a variety of processes such as ion-exchange, salt-free, magnetic, and electronic methods, resulting in soft water that is safer to use.
Water softeners come in a variety of shapes and sizes!
1: Water softeners that use ion exchange: Salts are used in ion exchange water softeners to replace calcium, magnesium, sodium ion, and other hard minerals that cause water to become hard. Hard water is softened by resin beads in water softeners, which replace excess calcium, magnesium, and iron with salts. An ion exchange water softener can be connected to your home's plumbing system. There is no electricity used in these.
2: Water softeners, both magnetic and electrical:Water softeners, both magnetic and electronic, are primarily de-scalers. The electromagnetic properties of minerals that make water hard are reversed by these water softeners. The method of softening water with magnetic and electronic water softeners ensures that hard minerals do not settle in the pipes, preventing damage.
3: Water softeners with two tanks: A water softener must be recharged in order to function properly. The water softeners, on the other hand, stop working during the recharge process. When it comes to recharging, dual tank water softeners have two tanks that run alternately.
Choosing the Correct Water Softener
It's easier to choose a water softener for your home based on your individual requirements and the hardness of your water source.
-If you simply have problems with your clothes becoming faded, discolored, or hard, you can get a washing machine water softener that offers soft water directly to your washing machine.
-If you have skin and hair problems, a bathroom water softener can be installed in your bathroom to offer soft water for your bathing needs.
-If you're having problems with hard water, you can install a whole house water softener for your home, which connects to your house's overhead tank and gives soft water throughout your home.
With health appointments, plumbing demands, and additional spending on cosmetics, every concern associated with the continued usage of hard water will eventually burn a hole in your purse. To eradicate such issues, it is better to install a Whole-House Water Softener.
What can we offer?
Netsol Water collaborates with a wide range of international organizations to tackle complicated problems of Water Softeners by strategically integrating modern treatment technology with practical solutions.
If you need help in installing an efficient whole-house Water Softener, contact us!
We can help you with design calculations, budgetary expenses, preliminary layouts, and a lifetime cost analysis.