Nature created water perfectly like other things but while water is in ground, it picks up soluble pieces of everything it flows through while in the earth. While this term can refer to contamination that renders the water unsafe to drink, in many cases it simply refers to the presence of minerals found in the earth. Calcium and magnesium are particularly important since they have an impact on the ability of water to work in our houses. Our water is made harder by these minerals.
A water softener removes the minerals that cause water hardness, which is one of the most common water quality issues. Hard water ruins appliances, causes soap scum to build up in bathrooms and kitchens, and dries up hair and skin. Water softeners are essential. A water softener saves you time and money by preventing prematurely broken water heaters, scaly faucet heads, and hours of soapy residue cleanup. A water softener will save your time, energy, and money while also protecting your home and property.
What is a water softener?
A water softener is a whole-house filtering system that uses an ion exchange mechanism to remove hardness-causing calcium and magnesium minerals from your water. A water softener solves one of the most common and dangerous water issues: hard water. The modern home is wreaked by hard water. Scale deposits itself in your pipes, blocking them and lowering your water pressure.
Dishwashers, coffee makers, and ice machines all have a much shorter lifespan due to scale. Hot water appliances are ruined by hard water. Calcium and magnesium will solidify and harden into solid deposits inside your hot water heater as the temperature of the water rises. If you reside in a hard water area, your water heater may sound like it's popping popcorn. This is due to the fact that scale has built up on the heating element.
If you don't have a water softener, you'll need to use more detergent to keep your clothes from becoming dingy. Dishes will be smeared and discoloured as they come out of the dishwasher. Your shower curtains are covered with filmy scum, and your soap and shampoo are unable to lather. When you bathe in hard water, your skin becomes irritated and dry, and your hair becomes lifeless and sticky. It's mind-boggling how much time, energy, and money it takes to clean up the harmful impacts of hard water. The solution to the problem of water hardness is a whole-house water softening.
Mechanism behind a water softener _
Ion exchange is the method by which water softeners remove calcium and magnesium from the water. Hard water travels through a bed of spherical resin beads as it enters the mineral tank. These sodium-ion-charged plastic beads are typically constructed of polystyrene.
The resin beads carry a negative charge, making them anions. Calcium and magnesium are cations because they have a positive charge. The negative charge of the minerals is attracted to the positive charge of the resin beads because opposing charges attract.
The beads take hold of the mineral ions and remove them from the water as the hard water travels through the resin. The sodium ion is released when the bead seizes the mineral ion. As the water travels through the mineral tank, the resin column removes all of the hardness, and softened water comes out.