Water recycling cleans wastewater of impurities and permits re-entry into neighbourhood water systems, for usage in residences and commercial establishments. Recycling water makes sure that it is suitable for drinking and other practical use.
What are the Working of water recycling plants?
1. Preliminary treatment
Water treatment begins with the separation of wastewater from suspended solids (SS). Through the processes of flocculation, coagulation, settling, and flotation, 70% to 90% of these components are eliminated.
Chemical reagents are now introduced based on the level of purification needed.
2. Secondary treatment
The cutting-edge biological treatment techniques use certain bacteria's capacity to remove dissolved contaminants, from wastewater.Pollutants containing carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus are among them.
When treatment objectives are high, these biological therapy procedures can also involve the use of chemical agents.
3. Tertiary treatment
In order to utilize the treated water, the final step looks to eliminate any remaining dissolved solids from purified water and disinfected wastewater.
4. Sludge removal
Sludge, which is created when materials and pollutants are removed during treatment operations, has a significant potential for commercial reuse.
In order to regulate odour throughout the process and reduce the environmental impact of deploying an on-site recycling system, choosing the appropriate chemicals is also essential.
Steps of water recycling
· Removing heavy materials and oil
1: Oil and big particles must be removed from the water as the first step in the water recycling process. The joint efforts of the triple interceptor and oil separator have made it feasible, to complete this initial phase.
2: A triple interceptor is a three-compartment tank where the first compartment overflows into the second, and the second compartment overflows into the third. A triple interceptor's primary function is to give any sludge time to settle, to the bottom of the first compartment.
3: Wastewater enters the oil and water separator after passing via a triple interceptor. Since, oil is less dense than water, it will naturally tend to float to the top of a tank, where it may be collected and removed. This is the basic idea of a water and oil separator.
Three general categories can be used to classify basic oil and water separators:
- Separators that separate oil primarily by the use of gravity.
- Separators that offer a surface for the coalescence of oil particles.
- Separators that use strong centrifugal forces to separate oil particles from wastewater.
The knowledgeable staff at Netsol will assist you in selecting the oil and water separator, which best suits your company's needs.
The wastewater is dumped into a process tank where it is kept before being injected into a filtration system tank, after oil and big solids have been eliminated.
A deep bed media filter serves as the system's first step of filtration. This is where any remaining large particles in the water are removed, by forcing water under high pressure through fine sand and other granular particles.
Water is then placed through a three stage cartridge filtration process that can reduce sediment size, to 1 micron in order to guarantee that the desired maximum particle size is obtained.
· Removing chemicals
The presence, kind, and quantity of surfactant in the water determine the next phase, in the water recycling system. Detergents frequently contain surfactants. By lowering the surface tension of the water, they assist wet surfaces more effectively.
There are two primary methods for getting detergent out of water:
• The use of particular chemicals that cause detergent particles to agglomerate, and bind together.
• Employing microorganisms to break down detergent in tanks.
The water recycling specialists at Netsol are skilled in removing a wide range of detergents, and other cleaning chemicals from wastewater.
Once the water is detergent-free, the sterilizing step can start. Pathogens, or disease-causing organisms, viruses, parasites, and bacteria, are abundant in wastewater and are also present in low-quality water.
Even though this step is only necessary when recycled water will be utilized in close proximity to people, it is strongly advised that it be used as a standard. If humans come into contact with contaminated water, pathogens can cause serious sickness.
How can we assist?
Netsol Water has aided in the resolution of hundreds of water-related problems, by utilizing a wide range of specialized water treatment and water recycling treatment technologies, in India. We are educating today's and tomorrow's leaders about drinking water quality issues, in order to achieve our goal of providing safe drinking water to every Indian.